Patrick C. Duncker

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The adoptive transfer of myelin-reactive T cells into wild-type hosts results in spinal cord inflammation and ascending paralysis, referred to as conventional experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), as opposed to brainstem inflammation and ataxia, which characterize disease in IFN-γRKO hosts (atypical EAE). In this article, we show that atypical(More)
Methamphetamine (mAMPH) is an addictive psychostimulant drug that releases monoamines through nonexocytotic mechanisms. In animals, binge mAMPH dosing regimens deplete markers for monoamine nerve terminals, for example, dopamine and serotonin transporters (DAT and SERT), in striatum and cerebral cortex. Although the precise mechanism of mAMPH-induced damage(More)
Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3) associates with p28 and p35 to form the immunomodulatory cytokines IL-27 and IL-35, respectively. Infection of EBI3-/- mice with the neuroadapted JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus (JHMV) resulted in increased mortality that was not associated with impaired ability to control viral replication but enhanced T cell(More)
The central nervous system (CNS), once viewed as an immune-privileged site protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), is now known to be a dynamic immunological environment through which immune cells migrate to prevent and respond to events such as localized infection. During these responses, endogenous glial cells, including astrocytes and microglia,(More)
Binge administration of the psychostimulant drug, methamphetamine (mAMPH), produces long-lasting structural and functional abnormalities in the striatum. mAMPH binges produce nonexocytotic release of dopamine (DA), and mAMPH-induced activation of excitatory afferent inputs to cortex and striatum is evidenced by elevated extracellular glutamate (GLU) in both(More)
A series of controlled clinical trials have shown that exogenous interferon-beta (IFN-β) benefits patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) by reducing relapse rate, disability progression, and the formation of new brain and spinal cord lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Unfortunately, however, the effectiveness of IFN-β is(More)
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