Patrick C. Choy

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Lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) is a product of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and is present in cell membranes, oxidized lipoproteins, and atherosclerotic tissues. It has the ability to alter endothelial functions and is regarded as a causal agent in atherogenesis. In this study, the modulation of arachidonate release by(More)
In mammalian tissues, phosphatidylcholine, or 1,2-diacyl-glycerophosphocholine (GPC), is the most abundant form of choline-containing phospholipids. In some electrically active tissues, a significant portion of the choline-containing phospholipids is 1-alkenyl-2-acyl-GPC (plasmenylcholine). The 1-alkyl-2-acyl-GPC is found in significant amounts in(More)
Homocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia are important risk factors associated with the occurrence of arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. A positive correlation between plasma levels of homocysteine and cholesterol was found in homocysteinemic patients as well as in experimental animals. In the present study, the effect of homocysteine on the production and(More)
The objective of the research project was to investigate whether fenofibrate treatment may alter the biochemical content of the oxidized LDL and consequently its ability to impair the endothelium-dependent relaxation in hyperlipidemic patients. We hypothesized that fenofibrate treatment of hyperlipidemic patients may attenuate the ability of their oxidized(More)
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has many beneficial effects and has been practiced for several thousand years. It is known to treat the cause of a disease rather than to alleviate its symptoms. Based on a belief that TCM is natural, safe, and of lower cost, consumers worldwide are spending more out-of-pocket money on this form of therapy. This increased(More)
The acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate by acyl-CoA is regarded as the first committed step for the synthesis of the lipoidal moiety in glycerolipids. The direct acylation of glycerol in mammalian tissues has not been demonstrated. In this study, lipid biosynthesis in myoblasts and hepatocytes was reassessed by conducting pulse-chase experiments with(More)
The elevated level of plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) in hyperlipidemic patients is an important risk factor for the production of atherosclerosis. Plasma LDL must be modified before it can produce an impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation in aortic rings or enhancement of uptake by macrophages. The dramatic increase in lysophosphatidylcholine(More)
AGPAT (1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase) exists in at least five isoforms in humans, termed as AGPAT1, AGPAT2, AGPAT3, AGPAT4 and AGPAT5. Although they catalyse the same biochemical reaction, their relative function, tissue expression and regulation are poorly understood. Linkage studies in humans have revealed that AGPAT2 contributes to(More)
The pathways leading to the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine in isolated hamster hearts were investigated. The contributions of the CDP-ethanolamine and the base exchange pathways were studied by perfusion with [3H]ethanolamine. The radioactivity of ethanolamine in the heart reached a maximum at 5 min of perfusion and remained constant throughout the(More)