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Poliovirus increases phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in HeLa cells by stimulation of the reaction catalyzed by CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (Vance, D.E., Trip, E.M., and Paddon, H.B. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 1064-1069). The mechanism for the virus effect has been investigated. An assay for the cytidylyltransferase which mimics the(More)
Homocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia are important risk factors associated with the occurrence of arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. A positive correlation between plasma levels of homocysteine and cholesterol was found in homocysteinemic patients as well as in experimental animals. In the present study, the effect of homocysteine on the production and(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) is a product of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and is present in cell membranes, oxidized lipoproteins, and atherosclerotic tissues. It has the ability to alter endothelial functions and is regarded as a causal agent in atherogenesis. In this study, the modulation of arachidonate release by(More)
The pathways leading to the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine in isolated hamster hearts were investigated. The contributions of the CDP-ethanolamine and the base exchange pathways were studied by perfusion with [3H]ethanolamine. The radioactivity of ethanolamine in the heart reached a maximum at 5 min of perfusion and remained constant throughout the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to examine the formation of lipid peroxidation products and the alteration in phospholipid content in low density lipoprotein (LDL) after oxidative modification by CuSO4, and subsequently, to determine the ability of the modified LDL to impair endothelium dependent relaxation in rat aortic rings. METHODS Blood samples were obtained(More)
The elevated level of plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) in hyperlipidemic patients is an important risk factor for the production of atherosclerosis. Plasma LDL must be modified before it can produce an impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation in aortic rings or enhancement of uptake by macrophages. The dramatic increase in lysophosphatidylcholine(More)
The objective of the research project was to investigate whether fenofibrate treatment may alter the biochemical content of the oxidized LDL and consequently its ability to impair the endothelium-dependent relaxation in hyperlipidemic patients. We hypothesized that fenofibrate treatment of hyperlipidemic patients may attenuate the ability of their oxidized(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) and arachidonate are products of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase A(2). In this study, the modulation of arachidonate release by exogenous lyso-PC in rat heart myoblastic H9c2 cells was examined. Incubation of H9c2 cells with lyso-PC resulted in an enhanced release of arachidonate in both a time- and(More)
Colorectal cancer has a high incidence of morbidity and mortality in the North American population. Elevated levels of plasmalogens have been reported in some neoplastic tissues including colon tumors, but the mechanism for this increase has not been defined. Since changes in plasmalogen level are usually associated with changes in the other phospholipid(More)