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Poliovirus increases phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in HeLa cells by stimulation of the reaction catalyzed by CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (Vance, D.E., Trip, E.M., and Paddon, H.B. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 1064-1069). The mechanism for the virus effect has been investigated. An assay for the cytidylyltransferase which mimics the(More)
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in North America. It is characterized by thickening of the coronary artery wall by the formation of plaques, resulting in reduced blood flow. Plaque rupture and the consequent thrombosis may lead to sudden blockage of arteries and causing stroke and heart attack. In the last several decades, more than 250(More)
AGPAT (1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase) exists in at least five isoforms in humans, termed as AGPAT1, AGPAT2, AGPAT3, AGPAT4 and AGPAT5. Although they catalyse the same biochemical reaction, their relative function, tissue expression and regulation are poorly understood. Linkage studies in humans have revealed that AGPAT2 contributes to(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentration is associated with other cardiovascular risk factors. We previously reported that Hcy stimulated cholesterol biosynthesis in HepG2 cells. In the present study, we investigated the underlying mechanisms of Hcy-induced hepatic(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) is responsible for the release of arachidonic acid, a precursor for eicosanoid biosynthesis, from cellular phospholipids. The objective of this study is to examine the regulation of cPLA(2) by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) activators in preadipocyte SW872 (SW) cells. PPAR belong to the superfamily(More)
Phosphatidylcholine is the principal phospholipid in mammalian tissues, and a major source for the production of arachidonic acid. In this study, the effect of exogenous phosphocholine, a precursor of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, on the metabolism of phosphatidylcholine in human umbilical vein endothelial cells was investigated. Incubation of(More)
Treatment of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis remains a challenging field. Hepatocyte injury and the activation of hepatic stellate cells are the 2 major events in the development of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. It is known that several Chinese herbs have significant beneficial effects on the liver; therefore, the purpose of the present study was to(More)
Plasmenylcholine is present in significant proportion (32% of choline phosphoglycerides) in the guinea-pig heart but exists as a minor component (3% of choline phosphoglycerides) in the guinea-pig liver. In this study, the biosynthesis of plasmenylcholine in these two organs was examined. The organs were perfused with labelled choline for 15 min and chased(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a principal mediator in many physiological and pathological processes. Overproduction of NO via the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has cytotoxic effect through the formation of peroxynitrite with superoxide anion. The iNOS is mainly expressed in macrophages and is able to produce large amount of NO. The expression of iNOS is(More)