Patrick Bryant

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During sepsis, growth hormone (GH) resistance contributes to the catabolism of muscle protein. To determine the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) as a mediator of GH resistance, we examined the effects of a TNF antagonist [TNF-binding protein (TNFbp)] on the GH/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I system during abdominal sepsis. To investigate potential(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma centers use injury mechanism, physiology, and anatomic criteria to determine the extent of trauma team activation (TTA). We examined whether physiologic variables in our three-tier TTA system stratified patients appropriately by injury severity and mortality. METHODS The trauma registry at our Level I trauma center was retrospectively(More)
PURPOSE To elaborate the B-cell micronucleus (MN) response in the low-dose region in detail and to investigate the postulated deficiency in DNA-PK in B-cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Lymphocytes of five healthy volunteers were irradiated with low LET gamma-rays and high LET fast neutrons with doses ranging between 0.01 and 2 Gy. After post-irradiation(More)
The correlation between cage shelf level and retinal atrophy was examined by analyzing data obtained from a chronic study carried out in 24,192 female BALB/c mice. Each cage of animals was maintained on a cage rack at a given shelf level throughout the course of the experiment, thus allowing analysis of data by shelf level. Retinal atrophy was first(More)
Specific processing of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gag and gag-pol polyprotein gene products by the HIV protease is essential for the production of mature, infections progeny virions. Inhibitors of HIV protease block this maturation and thus prohibit the spread of HIV in vitro. Previously, we reported a series of novel, symmetric inhibitors of(More)
A series of novel inhibitors of HIV-1 protease with excellent oral bioavailability is described. Differential acylation of the two amino groups of symmetry-based diamine core groups 2-5 led to unsymmetrically substituted inhibitors 17-43, many of which inhibited HIV protease at subnanomolar concentrations. Anti-HIV activity in vitro was observed at 0.1-1(More)
The relationships between the shelf level at which mice were housed and body weight and food consumption/wastage were examined by analyzing data obtained from the first 9 months of a carcinogenic dose-response study carried out in 24,192 female BALB/c mice using 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) as the carcinogen. Each cage, containing four mice, was maintained(More)
The anticancer complexes cisplatin and carboplatin target the DNA major groove, forming intrastrand and interstrand cross-links between guanine bases through their N7 atoms, causing distortion of the DNA helix and apoptotic cell death. A major side effect of these drugs is toxicity, which is caused via binding to many proteins in the body. A range of(More)
The structure-activity relationships in two series of novel, symmetry-based inhibitors of HIV protease, the enzyme responsible for maturation of the human immunodeficiency virus, are described. Beginning with lead compounds 3-6, the effect of adding polar, heterocyclic end groups to one or both ends of the symmetric or pseudosymmetric inhibitors was probed.(More)
Hypernatremic states, often the result of hypothalamic osmoreceptor dysfunction in humans, are sometimes accompanied by hyperlipemia. To investigate whether hypernatremia could cause hyperlipemia we induced hypernatremia in three groups of rats with their respective controls: Group A rats received hypertonic saline alone intragastrically; group B animals(More)