Patrick Brett Kenney

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Muscle atrophy is a physiological response to diverse physiological and pathological conditions that trigger muscle deterioration through specific cellular mechanisms. Despite different signals, the biochemical changes in atrophying muscle share many common cascades. Muscle deterioration as a physiological response to the energetic demands of fish(More)
Calpastatin (CAST), the specific inhibitor of the calpain proteases, plays a role in muscle growth and meat quality. In rainbow trout (RBT), we identified cDNAs coding for two CAST isoforms, a long (CAST-L) and a short isoform (CAST-S), apparently derived from two different genes. Zebrafish and pufferfish CAST cDNA and genomic sequences were retrieved from(More)
Severe muscle deterioration is a physiological response to the energetic demands of fish spawning. This response represents a suitable model to study mechanisms of muscle degradation in fish where typical tetrapod methods, such as muscle unloading, are not applicable. Enzyme activities and mRNA accumulations of genes in major proteolytic pathways, including(More)
As global aquaculture fish production continues to expand, an improved understanding of how environmental factors interact in fish health and production is needed. Significant advances have been made toward economical alternatives to costly fishmeal-based diets, such as grain-based formulations, and toward defining the effect of rearing density on fish(More)
Results of four electrical stimulation (ES) studies were summarized to demonstrate the impact of different ES parameters on pH decline patterns in postmortem M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum. Postmortem pH decline was modeled as a non-linear function of time, and estimates of minimum obtainable pH, pH decline rates, and time to reach pH 6·0 were compared(More)
An ecological survey was conducted from April 1997 to June 1999 on four turkey flocks (F1 to F4). Turkey cecal contents, litter, waterers, feed, feeders, and environmental swabs were analyzed. Presence of Salmonella was determined using conventional microbiological screening techniques and confirmed by serology. Positive isolates were serotyped and screened(More)
An ecological survey was conducted from March, 1995 to February 1996 to determine sources of Salmonella colonization in two flocks of turkeys reared consecutively in a newly constructed facility. Sampling was conducted prior to placement of poults, at Day 0, and again at 2, 10, 14, and 18 wk. Samples were collected at comparable times for the second flock(More)
1. A comprehensive ecological survey was conducted from April 1997 to June 1999 on 4 turkey flocks (F1 to F4) to identify key pre-harvest sources/vectors of Salmonella colonisation. 2. Turkey caecal and crop content, litter, drinker, air, feed, feeder and environmental swab samples were collected. Conventional microbiological and serological procedures were(More)
This study evaluated the molecular diversity of 29 Salmonella serotypes isolated from turkey ceca and the production environment. Isolates were resistant to bacitracin (100%), erythromycin (100%), novobiocin (100%), rifampin (100%), streptomycin (62%), gentamicin (52%), spectinomycin (48%), tetracycline (31%), sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SXT) (3%) and(More)
Muscle growth is determined primarily by the balance between protein synthesis and degradation. When rates of protein synthesis are similar between individuals, protein degradation is critical in explaining differences in growth efficiency. Studies in mammals showed that muscle atrophy results from increased protein breakdown, and is associated with(More)