Patrick Braun

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The goal of antiretroviral therapy is reduction in morbidity and mortality via suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load (VL) to undetectable levels. VL assay sensitivity has improved over time, but the reproducibility and clinical importance of VL results marginally higher than the limit of detection (LoD) are uncertain. We assessed the(More)
BACKGROUND Genotypic drug resistance testing provides essential information for guiding treatment in HIV-infected patients. It may either be used for identifying patients with transmitted drug resistance or to clarify reasons for treatment failure and to check for remaining treatment options. While different approaches for the interpretation of HIV sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Quantification of viral load (VL) is standard for monitoring HIV-1 therapy and is crucial before deciding whether to switch or to continue a current antiretroviral regimen. METHODS We compared the performance of the four most widely used commercial viral-load assays, COBAS Amplicor Monitor v1.5, Versant HIV-1 RNA 3.0, Abbott RealTime HIV-1 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants, undetected by conventional genotyping, may impair the outcome of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Thus, we retrospectively analyzed the prevalence of minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants before ART in chronically HIV-1 infected patients initiating first-line therapy and assessed the impact on(More)
The development of drug resistance is a major obstacle to successful treatment of HIV infection. The extraordinary replication dynamics of HIV facilitates its escape from selective pressure exerted by the human immune system and by combination drug therapy. We have developed several computational methods whose combined use can support the design of optimal(More)
BACKGROUND Although being considered as a rarely observed HIV-1 protease mutation in clinical isolates, the L76V-prevalence increased 1998-2008 in some European countries most likely due to the approval of Lopinavir, Amprenavir and Darunavir which can select L76V. Beside an enhancement of resistance, L76V is also discussed to confer hypersusceptibility to(More)
INTRODUCTION An association of persistent low level viremia (LLV) below 500 copies/mL and a higher risk of therapy failure is still point of controversial discussion. Furthermore, it seems that LLV occurs more frequently in patients with protease-inhibitor regimens than in NNRTI- / or integrase-inhibitor containing therapies. The focus of this work was to(More)
Coreceptor tropism antagonists represent a new class of antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV infection. The knowledge of patients' viral population tropism before the initiation of and during therapy with such compounds may be critical in order to optimize treatment strategies. In this review we focus on the characteristics of phenotypic assays for the(More)
A large number of recently isolated bacterial pathogens were tested for susceptibility to cephalexin and cephaloglycin by the replica inoculating method. Strains of group A hemolytic streptococci, viridans (alpha and gamma) streptococci, pneumococci, gonococci, meningococci, and penicillin G-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus were all moderately to highly(More)
PURPOSE This report evaluated the efficacy and safety of switching from a protease inhibitor (PI)-containing HIV treatment regimen to an efavirenz (EFV)-containing regimen. METHOD We retrospectively analyzed data from 64 patients, with a plasma viral load (VL) less than 50 copies/mL and CD4+ counts >200 cells/mL at baseline, who had been taking a regimen(More)