Patrick Boulenguer

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The yield and the quality of carrageenan depend, among other things, on the cultivar or strain and on the cultivation and processing techniques. This work presents carrageenan yields and some properties of Kappaphycus alvarezii under selected cultivation conditions i.e. cultivation period, depth and planting density. Growth rates (GR) ranged from 5.2–7.2%(More)
Carrageenans water- and alkali-extracted from Chondracanthus chamissoi, Mazzaella laminarioides, Sarcothalia crispata, and Sarcothalia radula were degraded by Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora κ-carrageenase and Alteromonas fortis ι-carrageenase. The composition of the high molecular weight fraction (i.e., enzyme-resistant fraction) as well as the standard(More)
A protocol has been developed to fractionate sugar beet pectin using hydrophobic affinity chromatography. Three samples eluted from the column using 4 M NaCl as solvent (fractions 1A, 1B, and 1C), two fractions eluted using 2 M NaCl (fractions 2A and 2B), and one fraction eluted using water (fraction 3). The fractions were shown to be very polydisperse, and(More)
Hybrid kappa/iota-carrageeans extracted from Gigartina skottsbergii, Chondracanthus chamissoï, and Chondrus crispus were incubated with Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora kappa-carrageenase and Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The degradation products as well as the resistant fraction were fully characterized by chromatography, NMR, and mass(More)
This paper describes the structure of acylcerebrosides isolated from rat brains. Three fractions (acylglycosylceramides I, II, III) were resolved according to their decreasing RF values on TLC. GLC analysis of acylglycosylceramides II and III indicates that their ester-linked fatty acids are short and rather unsaturated, while amide-linked fatty acids are(More)
Standard Eucheuma denticulatum iota-carrageenan was degraded with the Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The most abundant products, the neo-iota-carratetraose and neo-iota-carrahexaose were purified by permeation gel chromatography, and their corresponding (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra were fully assigned.
Hybrid iota-/nu-carrageenan was water-extracted from Eucheuma denticulatum and incubated with Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The degradation products were then separated by anion-exchange chromatography. The three most abundant fractions of hybrid iota-/nu-carrageenan oligosaccharides were purified and their structures were analyzed by NMR. The(More)
Acylgalactosylceramides (AGC) from forebrains of normal and dysmyelinating (quaking and shiverer) mice were purified by Florisil column chromatography and preparative TLC. These procedures resolved the AGC on the basis of their Rf values into two main fractions which comigrate with their homologs from rat forebrains. In control animals, AGC were detectable(More)
Thickening and gelling properties of commercial amidated pectins depend on the degree of amidation and methyl-esterification, but also the distribution of these groups is of great importance. Methods have been developed during the last few years to determine the distribution of methyl esters over the pectic backbone. We applied the strategies developed for(More)
The intermolecular distributions of amide groups within two commercial LMA pectins was studied after removal of the methyl esters followed by fractionation of the different populations by anion exchange chromatography. The populations obtained had almost equal degrees of amidation while the values of the degree of blockiness were not the same, indicating(More)