Patrick Boulenguer

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Hybrid kappa/iota-carrageeans extracted from Gigartina skottsbergii, Chondracanthus chamissoï, and Chondrus crispus were incubated with Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora kappa-carrageenase and Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The degradation products as well as the resistant fraction were fully characterized by chromatography, NMR, and mass(More)
Standard Eucheuma denticulatum iota-carrageenan was degraded with the Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The most abundant products, the neo-iota-carratetraose and neo-iota-carrahexaose were purified by permeation gel chromatography, and their corresponding (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra were fully assigned.
Acylgalactosylceramides (AGC) from forebrains of normal and dysmyelinating (quaking and shiverer) mice were purified by Florisil column chromatography and preparative TLC. These procedures resolved the AGC on the basis of their Rf values into two main fractions which comigrate with their homologs from rat forebrains. In control animals, AGC were detectable(More)
Hybrid iota-/nu-carrageenan was water-extracted from Eucheuma denticulatum and incubated with Alteromonas fortis iota-carrageenase. The degradation products were then separated by anion-exchange chromatography. The three most abundant fractions of hybrid iota-/nu-carrageenan oligosaccharides were purified and their structures were analyzed by NMR. The(More)
Thickening and gelling properties of commercial amidated pectins depend on the degree of amidation and methyl-esterification, but also the distribution of these groups is of great importance. Methods have been developed during the last few years to determine the distribution of methyl esters over the pectic backbone. We applied the strategies developed for(More)
Conventional positive fast atom bombardment (FAB) and continuous-flow FAB analysis were carried out with permethylated lacto-N-tetraose. This latter method, a new approach, has been used to analyze a mixture of permethylated oligosaccharides by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) with a packed capillary fused-silica column and the(More)
Anionic chromatography of oligosaccharide-alditols obtained by alkaline hydrolysis of quail ovomucoid glycopeptides resulted in the isolation of a major neutral fraction (83%) which was separated into 14 fractions by high-performance liquid chromatography on an alkylamine silica column. The structures of nine oligosaccharide-alditols were determined. By the(More)
The intermolecular distributions of amide groups within two commercial LMA pectins was studied after removal of the methyl esters followed by fractionation of the different populations by anion exchange chromatography. The populations obtained had almost equal degrees of amidation while the values of the degree of blockiness were not the same, indicating(More)
A protocol has been developed to fractionate sugar beet pectin using hydrophobic affinity chromatography. Three samples eluted from the column using 4 M NaCl as solvent (fractions 1A, 1B, and 1C), two fractions eluted using 2 M NaCl (fractions 2A and 2B), and one fraction eluted using water (fraction 3). The fractions were shown to be very polydisperse, and(More)
The gelation of low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) induced by addition of Ca2+ was studied by measuring the storage modulus as a function of temperature during cooling. Samples with different molar masses were prepared by mechanical degradation. The effect of the molar mass and the pectin concentration on the gelation properties was investigated. The effect of(More)