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A simple method to measure cytosolic calcium binding in intact presynaptic nerve terminals (synaptosomes) from rat brain, which is based on the simultaneous determination of [Ca2+]i and total [45Ca2+] in quin2-loaded synaptosomes undergoing a switch from high- to low-calcium containing medium, is presented. Binding to the cytosolic compartment alone was(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are important in regulating both immunity and tolerance. Hence, we hypothesized that systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease characterized by autoreactive B and T cells, may be caused by alterations in the functions of DCs. Consistent with this, monocytes from SLE patients' blood were found to function as(More)
It has long been known that pyruvate is essential for survival of prenatal neurons in culture. To understand the role of exogenous pyruvate in neuronal calcium homeostasis, we have investigated the effects of pyruvate (plus malate) addition to dissociated adult rat hippocampal and cerebral cortex cells and cultured CNS neurons having an unrestricted glucose(More)
  • W Tucker, P Blanco, S Rappoport, L David, D Fabricant, E E Falco +3 others
  • 1998
We identify the extended Einstein IPC X-ray source, 1E0657-56, with a previously unknown cluster of galaxies at a redshift of z = 0.296. Optical CCD images show the presence of a gravitational arc in this cluster and galaxy spectra yield a cluster velocity dispersion of 1213 +352 −191 km s −1. X-ray data obtained with the ROSAT HRI and ASCA indicate that(More)
A preparation of acutely dissociated brain cells derived from adult (3-month-old) rat has been developed under conditions preserving the metabolic integrity of the cells and the function of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The effects of glutamate and NMDA on [Ca2+]i measured with fluo3 and 45Ca2+ uptake have been studied on preparations derived from(More)
The goal of tumor immunotherapy is to elicit immune responses against autologous tumors. It would be highly desirable that such responses include multiple T cell clones against multiple tumor antigens. This could be obtained using the antigen presenting capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) and cross-priming. That is, one could load the DC with tumor lines of(More)
Patients affected by chronic inflammatory disorders display high amounts of soluble CD95L. This homotrimeric ligand arises from the cleavage by metalloproteases of its membrane-bound counterpart, a strong apoptotic inducer. In contrast, the naturally processed CD95L is viewed as an apoptotic antagonist competing with its membrane counterpart for binding to(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TauNuFalpha) blockers are effective in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis but can induce autoimmune disorders including multiple sclerosis. Described are two patients who developed chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy after initiation of anti-TNFalpha treatment.
Recent data suggest a critical role for dendritic cells (DCs) in the generation of immunoglobulin-secreting plasma cells. In the work reported herein, we analyzed the frequency of peripheral blood plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and myeloid DCs (mDCs) in a cohort of 44 adults with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) classified according to their CD27 membrane(More)