Patrick Berquin

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BACKGROUND Anatomic studies of boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have detected decreased volumes in total and frontal brain, basal ganglia, and cerebellar vermis. We tested these findings in a sample of girls with ADHD. METHODS Anatomic brain magnetic resonance images from 50 girls with ADHD, of severity comparable with that in(More)
Chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and articular (CINCA) syndrome is a severe chronic inflammatory disease of early onset, characterized by cutaneous symptoms, central-nervous-system involvement, and arthropathy. In the present study, we report, in seven unrelated patients with CINCA syndrome, distinct missense mutations within the nucleotide-binding(More)
Dravet syndrome (DS) is a genetically determined epileptic encephalopathy mainly caused by de novo mutations in the SCN1A gene. Since 2003, we have performed molecular analyses in a large series of patients with DS, 27% of whom were negative for mutations or rearrangements in SCN1A. In order to identify new genes responsible for the disorder in the(More)
Clinical, neuroanatomic, neurobehavioral, and functional brain-imaging studies suggest a role for the cerebellum in cognitive functions, including attention. However, the cerebellum has not been systematically studied in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We quantified the cerebellar and vermal volumes, and the midsagittal areas of three(More)
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) present impaired motor skills, frequently associated with impaired attentional and executive functions. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of DCD on effective connectivity applied to a putative model of inhibition. fMRI was performed in 9 children with DCD and 10 control children(More)
Benign infantile familial convulsions is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by nonfebrile seizures, with the first attack occurring at age 3-12 mo. It is one of the rare forms of epilepsy that are inherited as monogenic Mendelian traits, thus providing a powerful tool for mapping genes involved in epileptic syndromes. Paroxysmal choreoathetosis is(More)
The adaptation to hypoxia and hypercapnia requires the activation of several anatomical structures along the neuraxis. In this study, using Fos immunoreactivity, we sought to map neuronal populations involved in chemoreflex networks activated during the responses to moderate hypoxia (O(2) 11%), and hypercapnia (CO(2) 5%) in the brainstem and the(More)
Mutations in PCDH19, encoding protocadherin 19 on chromosome X, cause familial epilepsy and mental retardation limited to females or Dravet-like syndrome. Heterozygous females are affected while hemizygous males are spared, this unusual mode of inheritance being probably due to a mechanism called cellular interference. To extend the mutational and clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is caused by mutations in the SACS gene. SACS encodes sacsin, a protein whose function remains unknown, despite the description of numerous protein domains and the recent focus on its potential role in the regulation of mitochondrial physiology. This study aimed to identify new(More)
PURPOSE This fMRI study investigated phonological and lexicosemantic processing in dyslexic and in chronological age- and reading level-matched children in a pseudoword reading task. MATERIALS AND METHODS The effective connectivity network was compared between the three groups using a structural model including the supramarginal cortex (BA 40; BA:(More)