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This paper studies the relation between financial reporting quality and investment efficiency on a sample of 49,543 firm-year observations between 1980 and 2003. Financial reporting quality has been posited to improve investment efficiency, but there has been little empirical evidence supporting this claim to date. Consistent with this claim, I find that(More)
Twenty-six persons (five males and 21 females) with the neurological diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, and an equal number of control subjects matched on age, sex, and education were given a battery of tests designed to assess motor and intellectual functioning. Subjects in the multiple sclerosis group displayed marked deficits on all tests of motor skill(More)
The performance of 42 patients with relapsing remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis was compared with that of 24 age-, education-, and gender-matched control subjects on a battery of neuropsychological tests known from previous studies to be sensitive to the impairments of patients with chronic progressive (CP) multiple sclerosis. Like CP patients, RR patients(More)
The performance of 38 patients with chronic progressive multiple sclerosis was compared with that of 26 age- and education-matched controls on a battery of tests of information-processing speed, verbal fluency, naming, egocentric perception, and anterograde and remote memory. Although there were marked differences in the extent and severity of cognitive(More)
Deficits in semantic encoding have been described in patients with frontal lobe disease who also show memory impairments. As a group, patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) exhibit memory impairment, fail to make effective use of semantic encoding to aid memory, and perform poorly on verbal fluency and concept formation tests which are sensitive to frontal(More)
The self-awareness of brain injured patients in an acute inpatient rehabilitation programme was measured using the Functional Self-Appraisal Scale (FSAS), which compares patient and staff ratings of patient performance on tasks relevant for acute rehabilitation and in a format that is easy to administer. There was a significant difference between patients'(More)
CEOs often receive pensions that provide life annuities of up to 60% of their final salary plus bonus. I investigate the extent to which pensions are managerial rent extraction and/or the result of optimal contracting between CEOs and boards of directors. Specifically, I examine whether CEOs exploit limited disclosure requirements to hide and/or camouflage(More)
This paper examines the inter-rater reliability of 148 persons with traumatic brain injury (PwTBI) and their significant others (SO) on the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ). Results reveal that agreement differs across instruments and subscales, with greatest response comparability on the productivity(More)
We report here the first known case of a patient with recurrent metastatic medulloblastoma to achieve long-term disease-free survival following treatment with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. A 27 year old white male with recurrent metastatic medulloblastoma involving lymph nodes, bone and bone marrow was treated with multi-agent chemotherapy(More)
The present study examined the coping responses used by adolescents in high-risk situations. Sixty-six adolescents described situations in which it was difficult to resist drinking alcohol. Cognitive and behavioral responses in the perceived high-risk alcohol situations were examined. Abusing and nonabusing adolescents reported similar high-risk situations,(More)