Patrick Barnes

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Alterations of the architecture of cerebral white matter in the developing human brain can affect cortical development and result in functional disabilities. A line scan diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence with diffusion tensor analysis was applied to measure the apparent diffusion coefficient, to calculate relative anisotropy, and(More)
BACKGROUND Deep hypothermia with either total circulatory arrest or low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass is used to support vital organs during heart surgery in infants. We compared the developmental and neurologic sequelae of these two strategies one year after surgery. METHODS Infants with D-transposition of the great arteries who underwent an(More)
Definition in the living premature infant of the anatomical and temporal characteristics of development of critical brain structures is crucial for insight into the time of greatest vulnerability of such brain structures. We used three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI) and image-processing algorithms to quantitate total brain volume and total(More)
OBJECTIVE The neurotoxic effects of cyclosporine therapy are well known but poorly understood. Imaging studies typically show subcortical edema predominantly affecting the posterior regions of the brain. We sought to determine the causes for these findings by comparing radiographic data with various clinical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a 3-year(More)
Between 1970 and 1989, 29 patients with intracranial ependymomas were evaluated and treated at the Children's Hospital in Boston. With a median follow-up of 82 months, the actuarial survival rates at 5 and 10 years were 61 +/- 10% and 46 +/- 12%, respectively. Anaplastic histological findings were uncommon (2 of 29). Initial postoperative radiotherapy was(More)
Periventricular white matter injury, that is, periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), the dominant form of brain injury in the premature infant, is the major neuropathological substrate associated with the motor and cognitive deficits observed later in such infants. The nature of the relationship of this lesion to the subsequent cognitive deficits is unclear,(More)
A surgical series of 19 patients under the age of 18 years with pathologically verified cavernous angioma is presented. Most lesions were located in the cerebral hemispheres, but four were in the pons or midbrain, two in the diencephalon, and one in the spinal cord. Fourteen patients presented with an acute or progressing neurological deficit, three with(More)
The neurological basis of an increased incidence of cerebral palsy (CP) in preterm males is unknown. This study examined neonatal brain structure on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at term-equivalent age, sex, and neurodevelopment at 1 year 6 months on the basis of the Amiel-Tison neurological examination, Gross Motor(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a complex congenital brain malformation characterized by failure of the forebrain to bifurcate into two hemispheres, a process normally completed by the fifth week of gestation. Modern high-resolution brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has allowed detailed analysis of the cortical, white matter, and deep gray structural(More)