Patrick Barberis

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Cloning and localized mutagenesis of the larger cluster of hrp genes of Pseudomonas solanacearum strain GMI1000 allowed the definition of the borders of this cluster, which now extends about 2 kb to the left of the insert of the previously described plasmid pVir2 (Boucher et al. 1987, J. Bacteriol. 169:5626-5632). The size of the cluster has also been(More)
hrp gene expression in the phytopathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum GMI1000 is induced through the HrpB regulator in minimal medium and upon co-culture with plant cell suspensions. The putative outer membrane protein PrhA is specifically involved in hrp gene activation in the presence of plant cells and has been proposed to be a receptor of a(More)
The ability of Ralstonia solanacearum strain GMI1000 to cause disease on a wide range of host plants (including most Solanaceae and Arabidopsis thaliana) depends on genes activated by the regulatory gene hrpB. HrpB controls the expression of the type III secretion system (TTSS) and pathogenicity effectors transiting through this pathway. In order to(More)
A pLAFR3 cosmid clone designated pVir2 containing a 25-kilobase (kb) DNA insert was isolated from a wild-type Pseudomonas solanacearum GMI1000 genomic library. This cosmid was shown to complement all but one of the nine Tn5-induced mutants which have been isolated after random mutagenesis and which have lost both pathogenicity toward tomato and ability to(More)
Ralstonia solanacearum hrp genes encode a type III secretion system required for disease development in host plants and for hypersensitive response elicitation on non-hosts. hrp genes are expressed in the presence of plant cells through the HrpB regulator. This activation, which requires physical interaction between the bacteria and the plant cell, is(More)
Ralstonia solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt, is a soil bacterium which can naturally infect a wide range of host plants through the root system. Pathogenicity relies on a type III secretion system which delivers a large set of approximately 75 type III effectors (T3E) into plant cells. On several plants, pathogenicity assays based on(More)
The Ralstonia solanacearum hrp gene cluster is organized in five transcriptional units. Expression of transcriptional units 2, 3 and 4 is induced in minimal medium and depends on the hrp regulatory gene hrpB, which belongs to unit 1. This regulatory gene also controls the expression of genes, such as popA, located to the left of the hrp cluster. Here, we(More)
Five transcription units of the Pseudomonas solanacearum hrp gene cluster are required for the secretion of the HR-inducing PopA1 protein. The nucleotide sequences of two of these, units 1 and 3, have been reported. Here, we present the nucleotide sequence of the three other transcription units, units 2, 4 and 7, which are together predicted to code for 15(More)
The model pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum GMI1000 is the causal agent of the bacterial wilt disease that attacks many solanaceous plants and other hosts but not tobacco (Nicotiana spp.). We found that two type III secretion system effector genes, avrA and popP1, are limiting the host range of strain GMI1000 on at least three tobacco species (N. tabacum, N.(More)
A class of avirulent mutants of the plant pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum, strain GMI1000, resistant to acridine orange (Acrr), harbour a deletion of over 85 kb in their genome. This deletion affects, a≤1,000 kb megaplasmid which has previously been shown to be present in most of the strains of this species. In addition at least 11 out of 13(More)