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7-Ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) is the pharmacologically active metabolite of irinotecan, in addition to being responsible for severe toxicity. Glucuronidation is the main metabolic pathway of SN-38 and has been shown to protect against irinotecan-induced gastrointestinal toxicity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether common polymorphic(More)
The objective of this study was comparison of circulating androgens and their metabolites as well as estrogens measured for the first time by a validated mass spectrometry technology in 60-80-year-old men and women of comparable age. Castration in men (n=34) reduces the total androgen pool by only about 60% as indicated by the decrease in the serum levels(More)
The marked decline in serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) with age is believed to play a role in health problems associated with aging, these health issues being potentially preventable or reversible by the exogenous administration of DHEA. In the present study, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) and gas(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan (TCS) are ubiquitous environmental phenols exhibiting endocrine disrupting activities that may be involved in various health disorders in humans. There is a need to measure separately free forms and conjugated metabolites because only the former are biologically active. We have developed sensitive methods using(More)
OBJECTIVE Because a previous 1-week study has shown no or minimal changes in the serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its metabolites after up to daily 1.8% (23.4 mg) intravaginal DHEA, the objective of the present study was to investigate the serum steroid levels during a 12-week daily intravaginal administration of 0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1.0%(More)
OBJECTIVE Approximately 50% of postmenopausal women suffer from vaginal atrophy, and a large proportion of them choose intravaginal estrogen preparations administered for local action to avoid systemic exposure to estrogens and its associated risk of breast and uterine cancer. The primary objective of this study was the evaluation of the systematic(More)
Despite the long series of cohort studies performed during the last 20 years, the correlation between serum testosterone and any clinical situation believed to be under androgen control in women has remained elusive. This is likely related to the recent finding that the androgens made locally in large amounts in peripheral tissues from the precursor(More)
The skin is a well-recognized site of steroid formation and metabolism. Episkin is a cultured human epidermis. In this report, we investigate whether Episkin possesses a steroidogenic machinery able to metabolize adrenal steroid precursors into active steroids. Episkin was incubated with [14C]-dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and 4-androstenedione (4-dione)(More)
Purpose. To assess the contribution of drug metabolism to the variability on flavopiridol glucuronidation observed in cancer patients, and to determine the ability of all known human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms to glucuronidate flavopiridol. Methods. Inter-individual variation in flavopiridol glucuronidation was determined by HPLC using(More)
The primary objective of this study was measurement of the systemic bioavailability of DHEA and its metabolites following daily intravaginal application of the sex steroid precursor. Forty postmenopausal women were randomized to receive a daily dose of one ovule of the following DHEA concentrations: 0.0%, 0.5%, 1.0% or 1.8%. After only 7 days of treatment,(More)