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Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a recently isolated cytokine belonging to the interleukin-6 cytokine family. In the present study we show that CT-1 activates its receptor expressed at the surface of a human neural cell line by recruiting gp130 and gp190/leukemia inhibitory factor receptor beta, as shown by analyzing their tyrosine phosphorylation level.(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are considered angiogenic factors, yet the exact relationship between FGF and vascular development in normal and pathological tissue has long remained elusive. However, recent results from gene inactivation and transgenic studies in mice and in culture systems have demonstrated the role of FGFs in vessel assembly and(More)
The influx of metastatic tumor cells into the liver triggers a rapid proinflammatory cytokine cascade. To further analyze this host response, we used intrasplenic/portal inoculation of green fluorescent protein-marked human and murine carcinoma cells and a combination of immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. The metastatic murine lung carcinoma H-59(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM) mediates its bioactivities through two different heterodimer receptors. They both involve the gp130-transducing receptor, which dimerizes with either leukemia inhibitory receptor beta or with OSM receptor beta (OSMRbeta) to generate, respectively, type I and type II OSM receptors. Co-precipitation of gp130-associated proteins, flow(More)
In solid tumors, cancer cells subjected to ischemic conditions trigger distinct signaling pathways contributing to angiogenic stimulation and tumor development. Characteristic features of tumor ischemia include hypoxia and glucose deprivation, leading to the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1-dependent signaling pathways and to complex signaling(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are potent stimulators of angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. However, the precise role of FGFs and vascular development in normal and pathological tissue has long remained ill defined. Recently, substantial progress has been made toward a better understanding of their role. Genetic studies in mice or in culture systems(More)
Tumor angiogenesis is a fast growing sub-domain of angiogenesis research and tumor biology. Basic mechanisms have been unraveled and many key players identified. For many years, tumor vascularization was explained solely by the ingrowth of new vessels into the tumor from preexisting one's. However, in recent years, additional mechanisms have been(More)
Inflammation can play a regulatory role in cancer progression and metastasis. Previously, we have shown that metastatic tumor cells entering the liver trigger a proinflammatory response involving Kupffer cell-mediated release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and the up-regulation of vascular endothelial cell adhesion receptors, such as E-selectin. Here, we(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) participates in the survival of motor neurons and reduces the denervation-induced atrophy of skeletal muscles. Experiments performed in rats show a decrease in peripheral CNTF synthesis during aging, associated with an overexpression of its alpha-binding receptor component by skeletal muscles. Measurement of sciatic nerve(More)
We undertook a series of systematic studies to address the role of fibroblast growth factor/fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGF/FGFR) activity in tumor growth and angiogenesis. We expressed dominant-negative FGFR2 (FGFR2-DN) or FGFR1 (FGFR1-DN) in glioma C6 cells by using constitutive or tetracycline-regulated expression systems. Anchorage-dependent or(More)