Patrick Amar

Learn More
BACKGROUND The advantages of grouping enzymes into metabolons and into higher order structures have long been debated. To quantify these advantages, we have developed a stochastic automaton that allows experiments to be performed in a virtual bacterium with both a membrane and a cytoplasm. We have investigated the general case of transport and metabolism as(More)
A fundamental problem in biochemistry is that of the nature of the coordination between and within metabolic and signalling pathways. It is conceivable that this coordination might be assured by what we term functioning-dependent structures (FDSs), namely those assemblies of proteins that associate with one another when performing tasks and that(More)
The relevance of biological materials and processes to computing-alias bioputing-has been explored for decades. These materials include DNA, RNA and proteins, while the processes include transcription, translation, signal transduction and regulation. Recently, the use of bacteria themselves as living computers has been explored but this use generally falls(More)
To study the assembly, the movements and the dissociation of large numbers of molecules in a virtual cell, a simulation program, HSIM, has been developed. The simulator is driven using a description of the model system written in a language we have also developed that does not limit the simulation program to a particular model. We present here the(More)
New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We(More)
There is extensive evidence for the interaction of metabolic enzymes with the eukaryotic cytoskeleton. The significance of these interactions is far from clear. In the cytoskeletal integrative sensor hypothesis presented here, the cytoskeleton senses and integrates the general metabolic activity of the cell. This activity depends on the binding to the(More)
MOTIVATION Synthetic biology studies how to design and construct biological systems with functions that do not exist in nature. Biochemical networks, although easier to control, have been used less frequently than genetic networks as a base to build a synthetic system. To date, no clear engineering principles exist to design such cell-free biochemical(More)
Collective cell responses to exogenous cues depend on cell-cell interactions. In principle, these can result in enhanced sensitivity to weak and noisy stimuli. However, this has not yet been shown experimentally, and little is known about how multicellular signal processing modulates single-cell sensitivity to extracellular signaling inputs, including those(More)
OBJECTIVES Several studies suggest that adolescent marijuana use predicts earlier age at onset of schizophrenia, which is a crucial prognostic indicator. Yet, many investigations have not adequately established a clear temporal relationship between the use and onset. METHODS We enrolled 247 first-episode psychosis patients from six psychiatric units and(More)