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Nonfermenting bacteria are ubiquitous environmental opportunists that cause infections in humans, especially compromised patients. Due to their limited biochemical reactivity and different morphotypes, misidentification by classical phenotypic means occurs frequently. Therefore, we evaluated the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption(More)
The authors present a rare case of lipoma of the sylvian fissure found in a 34-year-old man who presented with seizures. The patient underwent craniotomy and an attempted resection of the lesion, which was initially believed to be a dermoid tumor. The imaging characteristics of dermoids and lipomas are extremely similar. Given the difference in the natural(More)
We have previously shown that delta-opioid agonists decrease ventilation and heart rate. Because of these results and the known interactions between opioid and acetylcholine metabolism, we hypothesized that opioids induce cardiorespiratory changes via the parasympathetic nervous system. To test this hypothesis, we administered atropine sulfate(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly lethal brain cancer. Using cultures of rodent and human malignant glioma cell lines, we demonstrated that millimolar concentrations of acetylsalicylate, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen all significantly reduce cell numbers after several days of culture. However, their mechanisms of action may vary, as demonstrated by(More)
This study is a retrospective review of the effect of nutritional support on duration of hospitalization in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Thirty-five patients were randomly assigned to receive either 5% dextrose (D5W) solution plus electrolytes or total parenteral nutrition (TPN) following operation. The assigned nutritional regimen was continued(More)
This study was done to examine the criteria for determining the adequacy of preoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We hypothesized that an important criterion for adequate preoperative nutrition should be a contraction of the expanded extracellular fluid compartment known to occur in malnourished patients undergoing surgical treatment. Clinical(More)
Malnutrition in surgical patients is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative mortality and morbidity. Preoperative nutritional support has been shown to be efficacious in reducing the incidence of these complications, although the postoperative complication rate in these patients continues to be greater than in their wellnourished(More)
We compared the metabolic and respiratory responses to a 4-h infusion of an amino acid solution consisting primarily of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) to those after a standard amino acid solution in healthy subjects. Both the BCAA solution and the standard amino acid solution increased minute ventilation (mean increase 22%, p less than .001, and 18%, p(More)
Administration of nutritional support in acutely ill patients can be seen as a balance between the need to provide nutrients and the known complications associated with infusions of each of the three major nutrients--glucose, fat, and protein. It is prudent to maintain calorie intake within reasonable limits. If facilities for measurements of O2 consumption(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that if isotonic amino acid infusions were administered at a rate that approximated normal daily protein requirements, a leftward shift of the minute ventilation X PaCO2 relationship occurred. This study examined the effect of the administration of parenteral nutrition, at a fixed caloric intake and two levels of nitrogen(More)