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PURPOSE The aim of our study was to correlate perfusion indices and apparent diffusion coefficients with therapy outcome after chemoradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS In 34 patients with primary rectal carcinoma (cT3) undergoing preoperative chemoradiation, pretherapeutic perfusion indices and apparent diffusion coefficients were obtained by dynamic or(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of multislice CT using a radiation dose equivalent to that of conventional abdominal x-ray (KUB). One hundred forty-two patients were prospectively examined with ultrasound and a radically dose-reduced CT protocol (120 kV, 6.9 eff. mAs). Number and size of calculi, presence of urinary(More)
Sixty-four-slice CT typified the dramatic race in technical development in radiology. Featuring high spatial resolution with 0.5-mm thin slices and 0.3-second gantry revolution times, it has become state-of-the-art technology in CT imaging shortly after its clinical introduction. Three-dimensional tube modulation together with adaptive x-ray shutters led to(More)
PURPOSE To compare the interobserver variability of the unidimensional diameter and volume measurements of pulmonary nodules in an intrascan and interscan analysis using semi-automated segmentation software on ultra-low-dose computed tomography (ULD-CT) and standard dose CT (SD-CT) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 33 patients with pulmonary nodules, two(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of dose reduction on the performance of computer-aided lung nodule detection systems (CAD) of two manufacturers by comparing respective CAD results on ultra-low-dose computed tomography (ULD-CT) and standard dose CT (SD-CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) data sets of 26 patients (13 male and 13(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) to monitor response of primary carcinoma of the rectum to preoperative chemoradiation by measuring tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Diffusion data of nine patients undergoing preoperative combined chemoradiation for clinical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging is a means to characterize and differentiate morphologic features, including edema, necrosis, and tumor tissue, by measuring differences in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). We hypothesized that DW imaging has the potential to differentiate recurrent or progressive tumor growth from(More)
We visualized extreme ranges of motion of the hip and located femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and subluxations using 4dimensional (D) volume computed tomography (CT). In dynamic 4D CT, 30 patients with hip pain (>3 months) and positive clinical and radiological signs of impingement were prospectively analyzed. The investigations were performed in(More)
The study investigates the effect of a substantial dose reduction on the variability of lung nodule volume measurements by assessing and comparing nodule volumes using a dedicated semiautomated segmentation software on ultralow-dose computed tomography (ULD-CT) and standard-dose computed tomography (SD-CT) data. In 20 patients, thin-slice chest CT datasets(More)
We describe the case of a 72-year-old man presenting with endocarditis and clinical signs of acute myocardial ischemia after biological aortic valve replacement. A comprehensive cardiac dynamic multislice spiral computed tomography demonstrated: (1) an endocarditic vegetation of the aortic valve; (2) a subvalvular leakage feeding a paravalvular(More)