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The button inhalable aerosol sampler with a curved porous inlet recently was developed and evaluated as a stationary sampler in the laboratory and in the field. The present study focused on investigating its suitability for personal inhalable aerosol sampling. The button sampler was tested at two wind velocities (0.5 and 2.0 m/sec), three particle sizes (7,(More)
Two concentration-controlled trials (CCTs) defined the relationship between plasma concentrations of 3'-deoxy-3'-fluorothymidine (alovudine) and changes in surrogate markers of antiretroviral activity. In an initial open-label CCT involving 14 subjects infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), unacceptable hematologic toxicity occurred when the area(More)
Reverse transcriptase has been detected in the serum of HIV-negative patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). An ALS-like disorder in HIV-positive patients can remit with antiretroviral therapy. Using the product enhanced assay technique, we measured reverse transcriptase activity in the serum and CSF of 23 HIV-negative patients with ALS and 21(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the variation in HIV-1 over the menstrual cycle, including RNA levels in the female genital tract, plasma HIV-1-RNA levels, CD4 cell counts, and culturable virus. DESIGN A prospective analysis of 55 HIV-1-infected women. METHODS Blood and genital tract specimens were collected weekly over 8 weeks, spanning two complete menstrual(More)
The short-term detection and variability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA level was assessed in the blood plasma and genital tracts of 55 HIV-1-infected women. Specimens were collected weekly for 8 weeks from the endocervical canal with wicks and cytobrushes and from the ectocervix and vagina with cervicovaginal lavage. In all, 48 women(More)
Although the role of pets in household transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been examined previously, only minor attention has been given to the role of the abiotic household environment independent of, or in combination with, colonisation of pets and human beings to maintain transmission cycles of MRSA within the household.(More)
Initial studies of the prophylactic effect of parenterally administered respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-neutralizing antibodies in cotton rats indicated that virus replication in lung tissues was restricted when animals with preexisting antibody titers in serum of 1:100 or more (as measured by plaque reduction) were challenged intranasally with 10(4) PFU(More)