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TNPO3 is a nuclear importer required for HIV-1 infection. Here, we show that depletion of TNPO3 leads to an HIV-1 block after nuclear import but prior to integration. To investigate the mechanistic requirement of TNPO3 in HIV-1 infection, we tested the binding of TNPO3 to the HIV-1 core and found that TNPO3 binds to the HIV-1 core. Overall, this work(More)
Many macrolides have been shown to affect the interaction between bacteria and various immune defense mechanisms, such as chemotaxis, accumulation, and bioactivity within phagocytic cells. The interaction of azithromycin with human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was studied in vitro and compared with the interactions between other macrolides and PMNs.(More)
Platelets are a major peripheral reservoir of the amyloid-β protein precursor, so they have been considered as a potential biological marker of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, it is demonstrated that tau protein is also present in platelets and that the levels of oligomeric species of this protein could serve as a novel and reliable biological marker for(More)
The intracellular restriction factor TRIM5alpha, inhibits infection by numerous retroviruses in a species-specific manner. The best characterized example of this restriction is the TRIM5alpha protein from rhesus macaques (rhTRIM5alpha), which potently inhibits HIV-1 infection. TRIM5alpha localizes to cytoplasmic assemblies of protein referred to as(More)
The early steps of HIV-1 replication involve the entry of HIV-1 into the nucleus, which is characterized by viral interactions with nuclear pore components. HIV-1 developed an evolutionary strategy to usurp the nuclear pore machinery and chromatin in order to integrate and efficiently express viral genes. In the current work, we studied the role of(More)
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) mediates nucleo-cytoplasmic transport of macromolecules and is an obligatory point of passage and functional bottleneck in the replication of some viruses. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has evolved the required mechanisms for active nuclear import of its genome through the NPC. However the mechanisms by which the NPC(More)
Platelets are major reservoirs of circulating amyloid-β and amyloid-β protein precursor (AβPP) and have been postulated as a reliable source for biological markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have recently demonstrated that tau is also present in platelets, and that there are differences in the electrophoretic patterns of platelet tau forms in AD(More)
BACKGROUND Brief exposure of bacteria to high concentrations of some antimicrobials enhanced their susceptibility to phagocytic killing by human polymorphonuclear leucocytes. This effect was defined as Post Antibiotic Leukocyte Enhancement or PALE. In this study we have investigated the effect of prior exposure of E. coli for ten minutes to 0.99 mg/l of(More)
Antimicrobial agents may interact with polymorphonuclear leukocytes and directly modify the leukocyte functions, or bacteria can be modified by the antimicrobial agents causing them to be treated differently by phagocytic cells. Brief exposure of bacteria to high levels of antimicrobials can affect their interaction with leukocytes. The susceptibility of(More)