Patricio H Rodríguez

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A one-year greenhouse experiment was conducted to study the transfer of copper from contaminated agricultural soils to edible and nonedible structures of lettuce, tomato, and onion plants. Study soils were selected from two basins of central Chile (Santiago and Cachapoal) to represent two similar total soil copper gradients with different pH values. Results(More)
Calsequestrin, a high-capacity, intermediate-affinity, calcium-binding protein present in the lumen of sarcoplasmic reticulum, undergoes extensive calcium-induced conformational changes at neutral pH that cause distinct intrinsic fluorescence changes. The results reported in this work indicate that pH has a marked effect on these calcium-induced intrinsic(More)
The objective of the present study was to assess the predictive capacity of the acute Cu biotic ligand model (BLM) as applied to chronic Cu toxicity to Daphnia magna in freshwaters from Chile and synthetic laboratory-prepared waters. Samples from 20 freshwater bodies were taken, chemically characterized, and used in the acute Cu BLM to predict the 21-d(More)
A survey of copper levels in agricultural soils of central Chile revealed two soil clusters-one with a mean copper level of 162 mg/kg and one with a mean copper level of 751 mg/kg of soil. Samples of soils from both soil clusters were characterized on the basis of physicochemical characteristics, and copper extractability was compared by saturation and(More)
A better understanding of exposure to and effects of copper-rich pollutants in soils is required for accurate environmental risk assessment of copper. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to study copper bioavailability and bioaccumulation in agricultural soils spiked with different types of copper-rich mine solid wastes (copper ore, tailing sand, smelter(More)
Current evidence suggests that extracellular mannose can be transported intracellularly and utilized for glycoprotein synthesis; however, the identity and the functional characteristics of the transporters of mannose are controversial. Although the glucose transporters are capable of transporting mannose, it has been postulated that the entry of mannose in(More)
Ca2+ and Gd3+ stimulated the GTPase activity of chicken brain tubulin 13- and 26-fold, respectively. Mg2+, Tb3+, and Na+ had no effect. This GTPase activity showed a saturation behavior with Ca2+ and Gd3+ with a maximal activity of 0.26 +/- 0.026 and 1.15 +/- 0.78 nmol min-1 per mg of tubulin and semisaturation constants, expressed as the concentration of(More)
We studied the kinetics of calcium release induced by SH oxidation in triads isolated from frog and rabbit skeletal muscle by measuring calcium fluxes by a fast filtration method. In both species SH oxidation induced release of 70-80% of the passively loaded calcium with a rate constant of 1 s-1. This rate constant is 3 times higher than the rate constant(More)
A complete cDNA clone encoding the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase of Ascaris suum was constructed from two overlapping partial clones. The encoded sequence of 337 amino acids is 48% identical with the sequence of mouse C alpha subunit. Approximately the same low similarity was found with the sequence of the C subunit from another(More)
Pollution of soil with mine wastes results in both Cu enrichment and soil acidification. This confounding effect may be very important in terms of phytotoxicity, because pH is a key parameter influencing Cu solubility in soil solution. Laboratory toxicity tests were used to assess the effect of acidification by acidic mine wastes on Cu solubility and on(More)