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Schizotypal patients were found to have a significantly higher mean plasma HVA concentration than normal comparison subjects. Furthermore, plasma HVA concentration positively correlated with "psychotic-like" schizotypal symptoms. These results implicate dopaminergic mechanisms modulating the psychotic-like symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder.
Changes in plasma levels of the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid have been reported to correlate with changes in the severity of schizophrenic symptoms during neuroleptic administration and after neuroleptic discontinuation. This study examined the effects of discontinuation of neuroleptic treatment on plasma homovanillic acid levels in 23 patients… (More)
OBJECTIVE To examine longitudinal reciprocal relationships between marijuana use and psychiatric disorders, and identify the role of HIV in a sample (N = 340) of youth perinatally infected with HIV (PHIV+) and youth perinatally exposed but uninfected with HIV (PHIV-) (60.6% PHIV+; 9-16 years at baseline; 51% female). METHODS Cross-lagged structural… (More)
OBJECTIVE Prolactin is a neurohormone that may be secreted in response to stress and also has regulatory effects on the immune system. Some, but not all, studies suggest that prolactin levels are higher than normal in persons with HIV infection. The authors measured prolactin levels in HIV-positive and HIV-negative homosexual and bisexual men to assess… (More)
Objective To examine unannounced telephone pill counts as a measure of adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adolescents and young adults living with perinatal HIV infection. Participants were recruited from an ongoing longitudinal study to complete four monthly, unannounced telephone pill counts. Detailed notes concerning participants' medication… (More)
This survey analyses the evidence that has led to the belief that the catalytic role of 17-hydroxylase in the biosynthesis of cortisol, estradiol, testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone is confined to two chemical reactions: pregnenolone-->17-hydroxypregnenolone-->dehydroepiandrosterone. This analysis suggests that the evidence supporting this view is not… (More)
1. Several lines of evidence suggest that abnormalities of central dopaminergic transmission may be involved in the expression of some schizophrenic symptoms. However, elucidation of the role of dopamine (DA) in schizophrenia has eluded investigative efforts partially because no accurate and easily repeatable measure of brain DA activity exists. 2. The… (More)