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Acetyl:succinate CoA-transferase (ASCT) is an acetate-producing enzyme shared by hydrogenosomes, mitochondria of trypanosomatids, and anaerobically functioning mitochondria. The gene encoding ASCT in the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei was identified as a new member of the CoA transferase family. Its assignment to ASCT activity was confirmed by 1) a(More)
BACKGROUND To our knowledge, the contribution of prothrombotic conditions to cerebral thromboembolism has never been prospectively studied in a large series of pediatric patients. METHODS The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, established a program in January 1992 to diagnose and treat children (term newborn to 18 years old) with arterial(More)
The hemostatic system is assumed to be similar in children and adults and reference ranges established for adults are commonly used to evaluate children suspected of having congenital or acquired hemostatic problems. However, we know that the hemostatic system is not fully mature by 6 months of age and comprehensive studies of healthy older children have(More)
A multicenter prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine whether early use of platelet concentrates would reduce the incidence or extension of intracranial hemorrhage or both in sick preterm infants with thrombocytopenia. The effects on bleeding as reflected by the amount of blood product support administered and a shortened(More)
We prospectively evaluated a capillary whole blood prothrombin time (PT) monitor (Biotrack, Ciba Corning) in an outpatient pediatric anticoagulation clinic (40 clinic patients) and in age-matched healthy subjects (30 control subjects). Subsequently, 23 children requiring warfarin therapy were placed on a home program (home patients) using the PT monitor;(More)
We present a kindred with a new mutation of the protein C gene, in which the proband had an unusual clinical presentation. The relationship between warfarin induced skin necrosis and level of anticoagulation was investigated. The pharmacokinetics of protein C concentrate was assessed to determine frequency of replacement therapy. The clinical and(More)
Study objectives were to determine, in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), (1) the association of antiphosholipid antibody (APLA) subtypes with thrombotic events (TEs) and (2) the predictive value of persistent versus transient antibodies for TEs. This is a cohort study of 58 SLE children in whom lupus anticoagulants (LAs), anticardiolipin(More)
Pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at an increased risk of thromboembolic events. Potential responsible mechanisms include the disease process itself, treatment with chemotherapeutic agents (particularly L-Asparaginase [ASP]), or a combination of the disease and treatment. We studied thrombin regulation in 26 consecutive children(More)
Acquired activated protein C resistance (APCR) has been hypothesized as a possible mechanism by which antiphospholipid antibodies (APLAs) cause thrombotic events (TEs). However, available evidence for an association of acquired APCR with APLAs is limited. More importantly, an association of acquired APCR with TEs has not been demonstrated. The objective of(More)
The physiologic mechanisms that protect children from thromboembolic complications are not known. We investigated the regulation of thrombin in children because of its central importance to thrombosis. The capacity to generate thrombin in vitro (chromogenic assay) was decreased by 26% in plasmas from children (1-16 yrs; n = 102) compared to adults ([20-45(More)