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Ticks transmit more pathogens to humans and animals than any other arthropod. We describe the 2.1 Gbp nuclear genome of the tick, Ixodes scapularis (Say), which vectors pathogens that cause Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, babesiosis and other diseases. The large genome reflects accumulation of repetitive DNA, new lineages of(More)
A cDNA cloned from Aedes aegypti (L.) (Aedae) female Malpighian tubule (AY596453) encodes a 584 amino acid residue protein (65.2 kDa) predicted as a G protein-coupled receptor and orthologue of the drosokinin receptor from Drosophila melanogaster and highly similar to the tick Boophilus microplus myokinin receptor (AF228521). Based on the similarity to this(More)
The myokinins are invertebrate neuropeptides with myotropic and diuretic activity. The lymnokinin receptor from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Mollusca) has been the only previously identified myokinin receptor. We had cloned a G protein-coupled receptor (AF228521) from the tick Boophilus microplus (Arthropoda: Acari), 40% identical to the lymnokinin(More)
The systematic analysis of structure-activity relationships of insect kinins on two heterologous receptor-expressing systems is described. Previously, kinin receptors from the southern cattle tick, Boophilus microplus (Canestrini), and the dengue vector, the mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.), were functionally and stably expressed in CHO-K1 cells. In order to(More)
The first peptidergic neurohormone from the ticks Ixodes ricinus and Boophilus microplus has been identified by using a combination of immunocytochemistry and mass spectrometric analysis of single cells. The novel peptide (Ixori-PVK, PALIPFPRV-NH2) shows a high sequence homology with members of the insect periviscerokinin/CAP2b peptides that in insects are(More)
The transmembrane sector of V-ATPases is involved in proton conduction across the membrane where a 15-17 kDa proteolipid forms a putative proton channel. An affinity-purified rabbit polyclonal antibody was developed to an antigenic and putatively extracellular region of a cloned 17 kDa proteolipid. In larval tissue sections, this antibody labeled the midgut(More)
The multifunctional 'insect kinins' share the evolutionarily conserved C-terminal pentapeptide motif Phe-X1-X2-Trp-Gly-NH2, where X1=His, Asn, Ser, or Tyr and X2=Ser, Pro, or Ala; and are associated with the regulation of diuresis in a variety of species of insects. We previously reported the functional expression of a southern cattle tick (Boophilus(More)
Previous results showed that mRNA encoding a putative aquaporin (AQP) (GenBank accession number AF218314) is present in the tracheolar cells associated with female Aedes aegypti Malpighian tubules. In this study, immunohistochemistry detected the protein, AeaAQP, also in tracheolar cells, suggesting its involvement in water movement in the respiratory(More)
A full-length cDNA encoding a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor from the Southern cattle tick, Boophilus microplus, was isolated using a strategy based on sequence homology among G protein-coupled receptors. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed highest identity with Drosophila melanogaster 5HT-dro2A (Z11489, 50.8%) and 5HT-dro2B (Z11490, 49.5%)(More)