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Five bacterial strains, one from each of the five known species of the plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) Azospirillum (A. brasilense, A. lipoferum, A. amazonense, A. halopraeference, and A. irakense) were inoculated into two natural, semiarid soils (terra rosa and loessial sandy) from Israel, and two artificial soils constructed to simulate the native(More)
This publication has been included here just to facilitate downloads to those people asking for personal use copies. This material may be published at copyrighted journals or conference proceedings, so personal use of the download is required. In particular, publications from IEEE have to be downloaded according to the following IEEE note: c 2007 IEEE.(More)
In this paper we discuss the fabrication and characterization of three dimensional (3D) micro- and nanoelectrodes with the goal of using them for extra- and intracellular studies. Two different types of electrodes will be described: high aspect ratio microelectrodes for studying the communication between cells and ultimately for brain slice recordings and(More)
Conducting polymer 3D microelectrodes have been fabricated for possible future neurological applications. A combination of micro-fabrication techniques and chemical polymerization methods has been used to create pillar electrodes in polyaniline and polypyrrole. The thin polymer films obtained showed uniformity and good adhesion to both horizontal and(More)
In this work we report a novel three dimensional electrode array for electrochemical measurements in neuronal studies. The main advantage of working with these out-of-plane structures is the enhanced sensitivity of the system in terms of measuring electrochemical changes in the environment of a cell culture in real time. In addition, the system is devised(More)
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