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The significance of apoptosis in relation to the development and progression of prostate cancer remains largely undefined. bcl-2 is an oncogene that functions by overriding apoptosis. bcl-2 expression was localized to the basal epithelial cells in the normal human prostate with the use of immunohistochemistry. Androgen-dependent and androgen-independent(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal expression of key proteins of the apoptotic pathway has been associated with poor prognosis, although there have been few studies of these correlations in patients with prostate carcinoma who are treated with radiotherapy. The current study examined the association between expression levels of Ki-67, bcl-2, bax, and bcl-x in pretreatment(More)
PURPOSE The 3 tumor locations unsampled by conventional sextant biopsies that have been identified on composite 3-dimensional reconstruction of 180 radical prostatectomy specimens are the anterior transition zone, midline peripheral zone and inferior portions of the anterior horn in the peripheral zone. We evaluated an 11-core multisite directed biopsy(More)
PURPOSE To study Wnt/β-catenin in castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and understand its function independently of the β-catenin-androgen receptor (AR) interaction. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We carried out β-catenin immunocytochemical analysis, evaluated TOP-flash reporter activity (a reporter of β-catenin-mediated transcription), and sequenced the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency of disease reclassification and to identify clinicopathological variables associated with it in patients with favourable-risk prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS We assessed 191 men, selected by what may be the most stringent criteria used in AS studies yet conducted, who were(More)
The molecular diversity of receptors in human blood vessels remains largely unexplored. We developed a selection method in which peptides that home to specific vascular beds are identified after administration of a peptide library. Here we report the first in vivo screening of a peptide library in a patient. We surveyed 47,160 motifs that localized to(More)
Individual cancers harbor a set of genetic aberrations that can be informative for identifying rational therapies currently available or in clinical trials. We implemented a pilot study to explore the practical challenges of applying high-throughput sequencing in clinical oncology. We enrolled patients with advanced or refractory cancer who were eligible(More)
On July 31, 2013, the Prostate Cancer Foundation assembled a working committee on the molecular biology and pathologic classification of neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation in prostate cancer. New clinical and molecular data emerging from prostate cancers treated by contemporary androgen deprivation therapies, as well as primary lesions, have highlighted(More)
A candidate tumor suppressor gene, MMAC1/PTEN, located in human chromosome band 10q23, was recently identified based on sequence alterations observed in several glioma, breast, prostate, and kidney tumor specimens or cell lines. To further investigate the mutational profile of this gene in human cancers, we examined a large set of human tumor specimens and(More)
Eighteen cases of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder containing a micropapillary component (MPC) (> 90%, three cases; 50-90%, nine cases; < 50%, six cases) are presented. The patients' mean age was 66.6 years (range, 47-81 years) with a male predominance (male-to-female ratio of 5:1). The MPC was part of the surface noninvasive TCC in(More)