Patricia Szczepanik

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Bile salt synthesis and bile salt pool size were determined by isotope dilution in two groups of healthy premature infants, utilizing nonradioactive deuterium-labeled bile salts. All 9 infants were between 32 and 36 weeks of gestation; however, in one group (4 infants), the mothers had received either dexamethasone or phenobarbital prior to delivery. The(More)
Studies were carried out in a family in which two children with cholestasis due to intrahepatic bile duct anomalies were shown to have increased amounts of the cholic acid precursor, 3alpha, 7alpha, 12alpha-trihydorxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oic acid (THCA). The metabolism of THCA was studied in one of these patients after an intravenous injection of (3H)THCA,(More)
The effect of deoxycholate ingestion, 750 mg per day, on bile acid kinetics, biliary bile acid composition, and biliary lipid secretion was studied in 7 healthy volunteers. Bile acid kinetics were measured by isotope dilution, and hourly outputs of bile acid, cholesterol, and phospholipid were quantitated by a duodenal perfusion technique during a 24-hr(More)
Changes in bile saturation and biliary bile acid composition in patients with gallstones who received chenodeoxycholic ("chenic") acid, cholic acid, or placebo were measured. Chenodeoxycholic induced bile desaturation; this effect was attributable solely to a decrease in the proportion of cholesterol. By gas chromatography, chenodeoxycholic acid increased(More)
The formation of bile acids in man is thought to involve a series of reactions in which the initial steps are the same for both cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. The point of bifurcation of the pathway is postulated to occur after the formation of 7alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one. To test the hypothesis that the entire synthesis of both bile acids(More)
When a 3-keto bile acid methyl ester was chromatographed on basic alumina inactivated with tritiated water, the enolic hydrogen atoms at C-2 and C-4 exchanged with tritium atoms. The (3)H-labeled keto ester was reduced with borohydride, and the resultant mixture of 3alpha- and 3-hydroxy epimers was resolved by preparative thin-layer chromatography to yield(More)