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Human uterine leiomyomas (ULMs) are the most common neoplasms of women. Many genes are dysregulated in ULMs and some of this dysregulation may be due to abnormal expression of micro-RNAs (miRNAs). In this study, 55 ULMs and matched myometrium were collected from 41 patients for microarray-based global miRNA expression analysis. Of 206 miRNAs examined, 45(More)
During lung infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis resides in macrophages and subverts the bactericidal mechanisms of these professional phagocytes. Comprehension of this host-pathogen relationship is fundamental for the development of new therapies to cure and prevent tuberculosis. In this work, we analyzed the transcriptional profile of M. tuberculosis(More)
We have completed the first large-scale gene expression study of acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in rat. Oligonucleotide microarrays containing 1,200 gene-specific probes were used to quantify mRNA levels, relative to uninjured controls, in spinal cords injured using a standard contusion model. Our results revealed a marked loss of neuron-specific mRNAs at(More)
Sulforaphane (SUL) is one member of the isothiocyanate class of cancer chemopreventive compounds that has been shown to be effective in blocking initiation and progression of carcinogenesis. Previously, many studies have shown that SUL can potently induce phase II detoxifying enzymes, which contributes to its chemopreventive functions. In this study, we(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) binds to its receptor PTH1R (parathyroid hormone 1 receptor) in osteoblastic cells to regulate bone remodeling and calcium homeostasis. While prolonged exposure to PTH causes increased bone resorption, intermittent injections of PTH have an anabolic effect on bone. The molecular mechanisms regulating these processes are still(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced neurodegeneration leads to irreversible and devastating motor and sensory dysfunction. Post-traumatic outcomes are determined by events occurring during the first 24 hours after SCI. An increase in extracellular glutamate concentration to neurotoxic levels is one of the earliest events after SCI. We used Affymetrix DNA(More)
Regulation of mRNA turnover is an important cellular strategy for posttranscriptional control of gene expression, mediated by the interplay of cis-acting sequences and associated trans-acting factors. Pub1p, an ELAV-like yeast RNA-binding protein with homology to T-cell internal antigen 1 (TIA-1)/TIA-1-related protein (TIAR), is an important modulator of(More)
BACKGROUND Human uterine leiomyomas (ULM) are characterized by dysregulation of a large number of genes and non-coding regulatory microRNAs. In order to identify microRNA::mRNA associations relevant to ULM pathogenesis, we examined global correlation patterns between the altered microRNA expression and the predicted target genes in ULMs and matched(More)
The availability of a draft human genome sequence and ability to monitor the transcription of thousands of genes with DNA microarrays has necessitated the need for new computational tools that can analyze cis-regulatory elements controlling genes that display similar expression patterns. We have developed a tool designated EZ-Retrieve that can: (i) retrieve(More)
Lytic reactivation from latency is critical for the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). We previously demonstrated that the 691-amino-acid (aa) KSHV Rta transcriptional transactivator is necessary and sufficient to reactivate the virus from latency. Viral lytic cycle genes, including those expressing additional transactivators(More)