Experiment 1 established the effectiveness of an appetitive conditioning of odours procedure with snails (Helix aspersa) that was subsequently used for the study of blocking. In this important phenomenon, the conditioning of a CS1 (where CS is the conditioned stimulus) prior to conditioning of a compound, CS1CS2, blocked the conditioning to the CS2.… (More)
Two experiments using garden snails (Helix aspersa) showed conditioned inhibition using both retardation and summation tests. Conditioned inhibition is a procedure by which a stimulus becomes a predictor of the absence of a relevant event--the unconditioned stimulus (US). Typically, conditioned inhibition consists of pairings between an initially neutral… (More)
We have studied the effect of age as well as the effect of short-term and long-term intake of K and Mg salts of aspartic acid (Cardilan) on haemopoiesis in ICR mice strain. The cellularity of the bone marrow does not change with aging, but the number of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming cells (GM-CFC) and also the number of spleen colony-forming units… (More)
A daily rhythm in the oscillations of pineal dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine content was found in male Wistar: Han rats. The acrophases of the oscillations were localized in the first half of the dark period and generally higher values were found in the dark part of the day.