Patricia Simms

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CD30 has been extensively studied as a cell surface marker expressed by Reed-Sternberg cells of Hodgkin's disease and other hematologic malignancies, although little is known about its expression by normal lymphoid cells. We therefore characterized the requirements for the induction of CD30 expression and identified the subsets of T cells that express CD30.(More)
CD69 is a lymphoid activation antigen whose rapid expression (< or = 2 h postactivation) makes it amenable for the early detection of T-cell activation and for subset activation analyses. In the present study we evaluated the utility of flow cytometric detection of CD69 expression by T cells activated with polyclonal stimuli (anti-CD3 and staphylococcal(More)
By traditional definitions, NK cells can be activated by cytokines to exhibit two functionally distinct levels of cytotoxicity. Whereas IL-2-mediated activation of NK cells leads to the development of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cytotoxicity, characterized by the acquisition of cytolytic activity against NK-resistant targets, IFN-treated NK cells(More)
The success in recent clinical trials using T cell receptor (TCR)-genetically engineered T cells to treat melanoma has encouraged the use of this approach toward other malignancies and viral infections. Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is being treated with a new set of successful direct anti-viral agents, potential for virologic breakthrough or(More)
Bladder tumors represent a special therapeutic challenge as they have a high recurrence rate requiring repeated interventions and may progress to invasive or metastatic disease. Exosomes carry proteins implicated in bladder cancer progression and have been implicated in bladder cancer cell survival. Here, we characterized exosome uptake and internalization(More)
Cord blood caffeine concentrations were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography in 79 preterm infants. Eleven infants (14%) had detectable caffeine concentrations ranging from 1.1 to 3.7 micrograms/mL (means +/- SD = 2.5 +/- 0.8), and 68 infants had no measurable caffeine. Seven infants with detectable caffeine (group 1) had impedance pneumograms(More)
Ex vivo-expanded CD8(+) T cells used for adoptive immunotherapy generally acquire an effector memory-like phenotype (TEM cells). With regard to therapeutic applications, two undesired features of this phenotype in vivo are limited persistence and reduced antitumor efficacy, relative to CD8(+) T cells with a central memory-like phenotype (TCM cells).(More)
A major obstacle hindering the development of effective immunity against viral infections, their associated disease, and certain cancers is their inherent genomic instability. Accumulation of mutations can alter processing and presentation of antigens recognized by antibodies and T cells that can lead to immune escape variants. Use of an agent that can(More)
Circulating lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity in cancer patients receiving recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) therapy is confined to cells expressing the CD56- surface marker. However, CD56- cells from these patients but not normal individuals have been reported to exhibit LAK cytotoxicity only following in vitro activation with rIL-2. Studies(More)
Tumor-associated myeloid cells, including dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, are immune suppressive. This study demonstrates a novel mechanism involving FOXO3 and NF-κB RelA that controls myeloid cell signaling and impacts their immune-suppressive nature. We find that FOXO3 binds NF-κB RelA in the cytosol, impacting both proteins by preventing FOXO3(More)