Patricia Rudd

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OBJECTIVE To determine the relation between sleeping position and quantity of bedding and the risk of sudden unexpected infant death. DESIGN A study of all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly and of two controls matched for age and date with each index case. The parents of control infants were interviewed within 72 hours of the index infant's death.(More)
Kawasaki disease in the British Isles was surveyed by an active reporting scheme, based on all cases reported to the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit that were diagnosed between 1 January and 31 December 1990. The study was prompted by the need to investigate the high case fatality rate of Kawasaki disease of 2% observed in 1988. One hundred and sixty(More)
Endotracheal aspirates from 200 infants who weighted less than or equal to 2500 g and who had evidence of respiratory disease were cultured within 24 h of birth for mycoplasmas, chlamydiae, viruses, and bacteria to evaluate the relation between lower respiratory tract infection and development of chronic lung disease and/or death. Ureaplasma urealyticum, an(More)
The value of the latex agglutination test in meningitis was assessed. This was positive in 60% cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae, 93% of Haemophilus influenzae type b, and 39% of Neisseria meningitidis infections. We cannot support the view that this test was more valuable than Gram staining in partially treated meningitis and cannot recommend its routine(More)
Three methods were used to investigate the role of infection in sudden unexpected infant death (SUD): (i) microbiological comparison of SUD victims and matched, live, community controls; (ii) postmortem classification of the contribution of infection to death; and (iii) case-control analysis of the relative risk associated with both infection and heavy(More)
In a prospective study of meningitis in 100 predominantly preterm infants, Ureaplasma urealyticum was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 8 and Mycoplasma hominis from the CSF of 5 babies undergoing investigation of suspected sepsis or treatment of hydrocephalus. U urealyticum was isolated from 6 infants with severe intraventricular haemorrhage(More)
Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) are low amplitude sound waves produced by the healthy cochlea. They can be recorded with a microphone in the external ear. TEOAEs are abolished by hearing losses of 30 dB or more. The feasibility of using TEOAEs as a screening test for hearing loss in children was studied. TEOAE recordings were attempted in 56(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the natural history and pathogenesis of hearing loss in children with acute bacterial meningitis. DESIGN Multicentre prospective study. SETTING 21 hospitals in the south and west of England and South Wales. SUBJECTS 124 children between the ages of 4 weeks and 16 years with newly diagnosed bacterial meningitis. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of changing practice with regard to infant sleeping position on mortality from the sudden infant death syndrome. DESIGN A population based study of all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly during February 1990 to July 1991, and two groups of controls; one comprising every 125th baby born to Avon residents and the other(More)
The nasopharyngeal aspirates of 235 infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit over a 14-month period were tested for the presence of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis. Serological studies were carried out on 41 infants. U. urealyticum was isolated from 53 (22%) babies and was not associated with illness. There was a significant(More)