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Here we identified a population of bone marrow neutrophils that constitutively expressed the transcription factor RORγt and produced and responded to interleukin 17A (IL-17A (IL-17)). IL-6, IL-23 and RORγt, but not T cells or natural killer (NK) cells, were required for IL-17 production in neutrophils. IL-6 and IL-23 induced expression of the receptors(More)
LEAPS (ligand epitope antigen presentation system) vaccines consist of a peptide containing a major histocompatibility antigen binding peptide conjugated to an immune cell binding ligand (ICBL) such as the 'J' peptide from beta-2-microglobulin. Treatment of monocytes, monocytes plus GMCSF, or monocytes plus GMCSF and IL4 with JgD (containing a peptide from(More)
Fusarium and Aspergillus species of mold are major causes of corneal infections in the United States and worldwide, resulting in severe visual impairment and blindness. As there is evidence for T cell responses to these pathogenic fungi in infected individuals, we examined the role of IL-17A (IL-17) and IFN-γ in murine models of fungal keratitis. We found(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading cause of blinding corneal ulcers worldwide. To determine the role of type III secretion in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa keratitis, corneas of C57BL/6 mice were infected with P. aeruginosa strain PAO1 or PAK, which expresses ExoS, ExoT, and ExoY, but not ExoU. PAO1- and PAK-infected corneas developed severe disease(More)
The mouse model of collagen induced arthritis (CIA) effectively mimics human disease and thus is useful for testing and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapies. We developed a Ligand Epitope Antigen Presentation System (LEAPS) peptide hetero-conjugate vaccine containing an epitope of human collagen type II (CEL-2000) that acted as a therapeutic(More)
The Ligand Epitope Antigen Presentation System (LEAPS) converts a peptide containing a T cell epitope as small as 8 amino acids into an immunogen and directs the nature of the subsequent response. Tandem synthesis of the J peptide (a peptide from the beta-2-microglobulin) with peptides of 15 or 30 amino acids from HSV-1 or HIV made them immunogenic and(More)
Fungal infection stimulates the canonical C-type lectin receptor (CLR) signaling pathway via activation of the tyrosine kinase Syk. Here we identify a crucial role for the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 in mediating CLR-induced activation of Syk. Ablation of the gene encoding SHP-2 (Ptpn11; called 'Shp-2' here) in dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages impaired(More)
Strategically-paired Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands induce a unique dendritic cell (DC) phenotype that polarizes Th1 responses. We therefore investigated pairing single TLR ligands with a non TLR-mediated danger signal to cooperatively induce distinct DC properties from cultured human monocytes. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the TLR2 ligand(More)
The J-LEAPS vaccines contain a peptide from β-2-microglobulin covalently attached to disease-related peptides of 8-30 amino acids which contain a T cell epitope. The J-LEAPS vaccines can initiate a protective Th1 immune response or modulate an ongoing Th17 autoimmune response to the peptide. J-LEAPS vaccines activate and direct the nature of the subsequent(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic pulmonary disease that is associated with persistent microbial infection and chronic neutrophil infiltration, and also with elevated production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-17A (IL-17). In the current study, we examined IL-17 and the inducible IL-17RC receptor subunit in neutrophils from Pseudomonas aeruginosa(More)