Patricia R. Smith

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The myelin basic proteins (MBPs) mediate the cytoplasmic apposition of the oligodendrocyte plasma membrane to form the major dense line of central nervous system myelin. Four major isoforms of murine MBP, obtained by alternative splicing of seven exons from a single primary transcript, display distinct developmental profiles. We expressed these major MBPs(More)
We have recorded dark field images of negatively stained F-actin filaments polymerized with 2 mM MgCl2 and 50 mM KCl with a scanning transmission electron microscope and computed 3-D reconstructions using a helical parameter search to optimize simultaneously the helical repeat length, the radial position of the filament axis, and the helical selection rule.(More)
Electron micrographs of negatively stained actin filament paracrystals and single-layered filament rafts showing different interfilament spacings have been studied and three-dimensional reconstructions have been computed from them. Lateral ordering of the filaments in rafts was lost when interfilament spacings exceeded 8.5 nm, suggesting this distance as an(More)
We report the effect of the 11,778 and 3460 base pair mitochondrial DNA mutations, found in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), on platelet mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activity. We measured respiratory chain enzyme activities in platelets from 4 patients with the 3460 mutation, 17 patients with the 11,778 mutation and compared them with(More)
A new method of optimizing a multi-sensor geometry using neural network function fitting and sensitivity measures is described. The method is applied to a multi-angle optical scattering nephelometer for which theoretical scattering intensities are generated for distributions of spherical dielectric particles. Neural networks are trained to invert these(More)
The mobility of cell surface MHC molecules and their ability to form dynamic associations may be related to the physiological status of the cell and to the potential to bind effector T lymphocytes. To investigate these properties, we have prepared HLA DR specific monoclonal antibodies coupled in a 1:1 mole ratio to the fluorescent phycobiliprotein,(More)
The technique of single-particle fluorescence imaging was used to investigate the oligomeric state of MHC class II molecules on the surface of living cells. Cells transfected with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR A and B genes were labeled at saturation with a univalent probe consisting of Fab coupled to R-phycoerythrin. Analysis of the intensities of(More)
The structure of Na,K-ATPase has been studied by electron microscopy and image reconstruction. A three-dimensional structure of this enzyme has been obtained to an overall resolution of 2.5 nm using data from specimens of negatively stained dimer sheets tilted through a range of angles +/- 60 degrees. The reconstruction shows a complex mass distribution(More)
Neutralization of human papillomavirus type 11 (HPV-11) has been demonstrated using serum and cervical secretions from primates vaccinated with virus-like particles (VLPs). Theoretically, neutralizing antibodies could protect women from HPV infection. The immunogenicity of a yeast-derived HPV-11 L1 VLP vaccine was tested in women. Serum specimens were(More)
Dextromethorphan (DM) is an antitussive with anticonvulsant activity that binds to high- and low-affinity sites in guinea pig brain homogenates. We examined the autoradiographic localization of [3H]DM using the anticonvulsant ropizine, an allosteric modifier that decreases the dissociation rate of [3H]DM. Competition studies demonstrated that the binding to(More)