Patricia R. Smith

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We have recorded dark field images of negatively stained F-actin filaments polymerized with 2 mM MgCl2 and 50 mM KCl with a scanning transmission electron microscope and computed 3-D reconstructions using a helical parameter search to optimize simultaneously the helical repeat length, the radial position of the filament axis, and the helical selection rule.(More)
The myelin basic proteins (MBPs) mediate the cytoplasmic apposition of the oligodendrocyte plasma membrane to form the major dense line of central nervous system myelin. Four major isoforms of murine MBP, obtained by alternative splicing of seven exons from a single primary transcript, display distinct developmental profiles. We expressed these major MBPs(More)
Electron micrographs of negatively stained actin filament paracrystals and single-layered filament rafts showing different interfilament spacings have been studied and three-dimensional reconstructions have been computed from them. Lateral ordering of the filaments in rafts was lost when interfilament spacings exceeded 8.5 nm, suggesting this distance as an(More)
We examined the development of epithelial Na+ conductance in 6- and 7-day post coitus (p.c.) preimplantation rabbit embryos using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique on dissociated rabbit trophectodermal cells and by immunocytochemical localization using a polyclonal antibody directed against subunits of an apical epithelial Na+ channel on the intact(More)
A new method of optimizing a multi-sensor geometry using neural network function fitting and sensitivity measures is described. The method is applied to a multi-angle optical scattering nephelometer for which theoretical scattering intensities are generated for distributions of spherical dielectric particles. Neural networks are trained to invert these(More)
In cats anaesthetised with chloralose, the ventral medulla was explored in and around the strip previously identified as the location of the efferent pathway from the hypothalamic and mid-brain defence areas to the spinal cord, in a search for neurones excited by electrical stimulation of the defence areas. Such units were found mostly in the caudal part of(More)
The structure of Na,K-ATPase has been studied by electron microscopy and image reconstruction. A three-dimensional structure of this enzyme has been obtained to an overall resolution of 2.5 nm using data from specimens of negatively stained dimer sheets tilted through a range of angles +/- 60 degrees. The reconstruction shows a complex mass distribution(More)
The technique of single-particle fluorescence imaging was used to investigate the oligomeric state of MHC class II molecules on the surface of living cells. Cells transfected with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR A and B genes were labeled at saturation with a univalent probe consisting of Fab coupled to R-phycoerythrin. Analysis of the intensities of(More)
We have previously demonstrated that apical Na+ channels in A6 renal epithelial cells are associated with spectrin-based membrane cytoskeleton proteins and that the lateral mobility of these channels, as determined by fluorescence photobleach recovery (FPR) analysis, is severely restricted by this association (Smith et al., 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA(More)