Patricia R. Slev

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Only natural selection can account for the extreme genetic diversity of genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Although the structure and function of classic MHC genes is well understood at the molecular and cellular levels, there is controversy about how MHC diversity is selectively maintained. The diversifying selection can be driven by(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies (TPOAb) is useful in diagnosing patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. Measurement of thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAb) is used to detect potential interferences with thyroglobulin immunoassays and in limited situations for the diagnosis of autoimmune thyroid disease. METHODS The limit of(More)
Carriers of HLA-B*57:01 are at risk for Abacavir hypersensitivity reaction (ABC-HSR). In Caucasians, a SNP (rs2395029) in the HCP5 gene is reported to be in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with HLA-B*57:01. Genotyping the HCP5 SNP has increasingly been adopted as a simple method to screen for susceptibility to ABC-HSR. We genotyped both the HCP5 SNP and(More)
The aim of this study was to establish age appropriate reference intervals for calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and total protein (UTP) in random urine samples. All analytes were measured using the Roche MODULAR P analyzer and normalized to creatinine (Cr). Our study cohort consisted of 674 boys and 728 girls between 7 and 17 years old (y.o.), which allowed us(More)
We present six models that are currently the most likely ways that pathogens might favor the evolution of MHC genetic diversity. Although each model makes one or more unique predictions, the current lack of crucial data prevents distinguishing the relative importance of each model. However, this first-time organization of these models should contribute to(More)
The unprecedented genetic diversity found at vertebrate MHC (major histocompatibility complex) loci influences susceptibility to most infectious and autoimmune diseases. The evolutionary explanation for how these polymorphisms are maintained has been controversial. One leading explanation, antagonistic coevolution (also known as the Red Queen), postulates a(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have identified two host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the IL28B gene (rs12979860 C/T and rs8099917 T/G) that are associated with sustained virological response in patients infected with the hepatitis C virus. Herein, we describe a rapid multiplexed dual-color fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)(More)
The recent discovery of specialized sensory neurons that bind peptides in an MHC-like fashion has revealed the long-sought odorants used to recognize the MHC genotype and phenotype of other individuals. The odorants are the same MHC peptides used during immune recognition, which provides the molecular logic linking selection acting on MHC-mediated behaviors(More)
Oligoclonal bands in cerebrospinal fluid reflect local B-cell responses associated with various neuroinflammatory disorders. In opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion was demonstrated, but no studies of oligoclonal bands are available. In a prospective case-control study of 132 children (103 with opsoclonus-myoclonus, 29(More)