Patricia Price

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Suppression of HIV replication by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) often restores protective pathogen-specific immune responses, but in some patients the restored immune response is immunopathological and causes disease [immune restoration disease (IRD)]. Infections by mycobacteria, cryptococci, herpesviruses, hepatitis B and C virus, and JC(More)
BACKGROUND To determine if infectious disease events in HIV-infected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are a consequence of the restoration of pathogen-specific immune responses, a single-centre retrospective study of all HIV-infected patients commencing HAART prior to 1 July 1997 was undertaken to determine the incidence,(More)
An individual's major histocompatibility complex (MHC) ancestral haplotype (AH) is the clearest single determinant of susceptibility to MHC associated immunopathological disease, as it defines the alleles carried at all loci in the MHC. However, the direct effects of any of the 150-200 genes that constitute the MHC are difficult to determine since(More)
OBJECTIVE Sensory neuropathy is a common problem in HIV-infected patients and is the dose-limiting toxicity of stavudine. Affordable methods of predicting neuropathy risk are needed to guide prescribing in countries where some use of stavudine remains an economic necessity. We therefore aimed to identify factors predictive of neuropathy risk before(More)
OBJECTIVES We have previously described immune restoration diseases (IRD) associated with asymptomatic opportunistic infections presenting in immunodeficient HIV patients responding to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Here we address the question of whether patients with a history of IRD exhibit persistent immune activation, shown by elevated(More)
This study compared plasma bioavailable interleukin (IL)-6 levels in 3 groups: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who had a human herpesvirus (HHV)-associated immune restoration disease (IRD) during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); patients who experienced an IRD initiated by Mycobacterium avium complex, hepatitis C virus, or(More)
BACKGROUND BAT1 belongs to the DEAD-box family of RNA-binding proteins and is encoded in the central MHC. To determine whether it affects immune responses and hence diseases influenced by MHC haplotypes, U937, THP1 and Jurkat cells were stably transfected with anti-sense DNA corresponding to exons 2-5 of BAT1 using a retroviral vector. RESULTS Anti-sense(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between blood CD4 natural regulatory T (Treg) cells, plasma HIV RNA level, CD4 T-cell count and immune activation in untreated HIV-infected patients and immunodeficient patients beginning antiretroviral therapy (ART), using a novel phenotype to define Treg cells (CD25CD127CD4). Data were compared with established Treg(More)
OBJECTIVES A proportion of HIV patients beginning antiretroviral therapy (ART) develop immune restoration disease (IRD). Immunological characteristics of IRD were investigated in a cohort of HIV patients beginning therapy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected at weeks 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 of ART from five(More)