Patricia Porte

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Host defense against multicellular, extracellular pathogens such as nematode parasites is believed to be mediated largely, if not exclusively, by T lymphocytes. During our investigations into the course of Brugia malayi and Brugia pahangi infections in immunodeficient mouse models, we found that mice lacking B lymphocytes were permissive for Brugian(More)
The mechanisms by which mammalian hosts eliminate microparasites such as bacteria and viruses are well established. In viral infections, these mechanisms include the interferons, neutralizing and opsonizing antibodies, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In bacterial infections, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and macrophages, often facilitated by opsonizing(More)
The hypothesis that the ingestion of garlic provides protection against bloodsucking pests such as mosquitoes was investigated using a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. Subjects were asked to consume either garlic (one visit) or a placebo (the other visit). They were then exposed to laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus)(More)
A highly purified preparation of human plasma factor VIIa was submitted to chromogenic assays with S-2288 factors IXa, Xa, activated protein C and thrombin being absent. Factor VIIa alone or in the presence of calcium, kept its activity even in the presence of high concentrations of aprotinin, inhibition appeared only in the presence of a factor VIIa-tissue(More)
Human lymphatic filariasis, which afflicts an estimated 120 million people worldwide, is caused by the large nematode parasites Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. Filarial nematodes require both an arthropod vector and a mammalian host to complete their life cycle. Within the definitive (mammalian) host, the lymphatic filarial parasites reside in the(More)
Primary and secondary murine and human infections with Brugia malayi are characterized by substantial increases in levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE). To investigate whether this is necessary for worm clearance, IgE(-/-) mice were subjected to primary- and secondary-infection protocols. Following a primary infection, IgE(-/-) mice displayed a profound deficit(More)
Eosinophilia in blood and tissues has been strongly associated with helminth infections for over a century. In vivo depletion of IL-5, a cytokine crucially involved in eosinophilopoiesis with an antibody or through genetic manipulation, reproducibly abrogates helminth-induced eosinophilia, but renders mice permissive only in some models of parasite(More)
The attenuation of eosinophilia by the administration of monoclonal antibodies to CCR3 consistently correlates with impairment in worm elimination following primary intraperitoneal Brugia pahangi infections in mice. Host protection was unimpaired in mice deficient in eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) or major basic protein 1 (MBP-1), suggesting that eosinophils(More)
In the chronically catheterized fetal sheep, umbilical glucose uptake has previously been found to be related to maternal glucose concentration over a wide range of values. The relative contribution of fetal insulin secretion to resting umbilical glucose uptake has not previously been assessed. Simultaneous measurements of umbilical glucose uptake and an(More)