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Rules for the classification of two subtypes of learning disabilities (LD), namely, Basic Phonological Processing Disabilities (BPPD) and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NLD), are reported. These rules (refined as a result of application to two separate samples of children with LD) were used to select children from an entirely new sample who could be(More)
Gene-expression changes in atrial fibrillation patients reflect both underlying heart-disease substrates and changes because of atrial fibrillation-induced atrial-tachycardia remodeling. These are difficult to separate in clinical investigations. This study assessed time-dependent mRNA expression-changes in canine models of atrial-tachycardia remodeling and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Atrial fibrillation usually occurs in the context of an atrial substrate produced by alterations in atrial tissue properties referred to as remodeling. Remodeling can result from cardiac disease, cardiac arrhythmias, or biologic processes such as senescence. Recent advances in understanding remodeling have allowed for insights into(More)
CONTEXT Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is complicated by ischemia-reperfusion injury jeopardizing myocyte survival. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate whether glucose and insulin administration, while maintaining normoglycemia (GIN therapy) using a hyperinsulinemic-normoglycemic clamp technique, is cardioprotective in patients(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) causes arrhythmogenic, structural and contractile remodeling, with important atrial-ventricular differences: atria show faster and greater inflammation, cell-death and fibrosis. The present study assessed time-dependent left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) gene-expression changes in CHF. Groups of dogs were submitted to(More)
Perceived stress and psychological health were comparatively examined in relation to social support and locus of control in family members of patients who had sustained moderate to severe closed head injury (CHI) or spinal cord injury (SCI). In the group with CHI, family members reported significantly greater symptoms of depression, and greater perceived(More)
Cholesterol and triglyceride-rich Western diets are typically associated with an increased occurrence of type 2 diabetes and vascular diseases. This study aimed to assess the relative impact of dietary cholesterol and triglycerides on glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, atherosclerotic plaque formation, and endothelial function. C57BL6 wild-type (C57)(More)
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