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This work is part of a project to develop an expert system for automated classification of the sleep/waking states in human infants; i.e. active or rapid-eye-movement sleep (REM), quiet or non-REM sleep (NREM), including its four stages, indeterminate sleep (IS) and wakefulness (WA). A model to identify these states, introducing an objective formalisation(More)
Iron deficiency anemia has long been thought to have effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Finding direct evidence of this in human infants, however, has been challenging. Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) provide a noninvasive means of examining an aspect of the CNS that is rapidly maturing during the age period when iron deficiency is most(More)
A robust, automated pattern recognition system for polysomnography data targeted to the sleep-waking state and stage identification is presented. Five patterns were searched for: slow-delta and theta wave predominance in the background electro-encephalogram (EEG) activity; presence of sleep spindles in the EEG; presence of rapid eye movements in an(More)
BACKGROUND Genotypic strains of cariogenic mutans streptococci (MS) may vary in important virulence properties. In previous published studies, we identified 39 MS strains from pediatric patients undergoing full-mouth dental rehabilitation, including the removal and/or repair of carious lesions and application of antimicrobial rinse and fluoride varnish. (More)
Preliminary results of an automatic system for single trial P300 visual evoked potential events detection are presented. For each single trial P300, several candidate events were generated, and then filtered, using 3 wave features. The surviving candidate events were fed into a SOM-based classifier. A context filter was applied before the final output. No(More)
Several research groups have developed automated sleep-wakefulness classifiers for night wrist actigraphic (ACT) data. These classifiers tend to be unbalanced, with a tendency to overestimate the detection of sleep, at the expense of poorer detection of wakefulness. The reason for this is that the measure of success in previous works was the maximization of(More)
To assess the effects of sleep state on human retinal electric responses, full-field electroretinograms were obtained in a cross-sectional study from 123 preterm infants at 36, 40 and 56 weeks of post-gestational age. At each age, electroretinographic recordings were assigned to one of two groups according to whether the infants were in active sleep or(More)
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