Patricia Ohana

Learn More
Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is the specific nucleotide regulator of beta-1,4-glucan (cellulose) synthase in Acetobacter xylinum. The enzymes controlling turnover of c-di-GMP are diguanylate cyclase (DGC), which catalyzes its formation, and phosphodiesterase A (PDEA), which catalyzes its degradation. Following biochemical purification of DGC and PDEA, genes(More)
Expression of the imprinted H19 gene is remarkably elevated in a large number of human cancers. Recently, we reported that H19 RNA is up-regulated in hypoxic stress and furthermore, it possesses oncogenic properties. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of these phenomena remain(s) unknown. Here we demonstrate a tight correlation between H19 RNA elevation(More)
BC-819 is a DNA plasmid that was developed to target the expression of diphtheria-toxin gene under the control of H19 regulatory sequences. BC-819 has the potential to treat pancreatic cancer that overexpresses the H19 gene. The objectives were to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary efficacy of BC-819 administered(More)
A protein which specifically binds cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP), the reversible allosteric activator of the membrane-bound cellulose synthase system of Acetobacter xylinum, has been identified in membrane preparations of this organism. c-di-GMP binding is of high affinity (KD 20 nM), saturable and reversible. The equilibrium of the reaction is markedly(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer ascites fluid (OCAF), contains malignant cells, is usually present in women with an advanced stage disease and currently has no effective therapy. Hence, we developed a new therapy strategy to target the expression of diphtheria toxin gene under the control of H19 regulatory sequences in ovarian tumor cells. H19 RNA is present at(More)
H19 is expressed in a large percentage of bladder tumors, but not expressed in healthy bladder tissue. The aim of this study is to define H19 optimal transcriptional regulatory sequences in tumor cells, which can potentially be used to control expression of a toxin gene in constructs to be used in bladder cancer gene therapy trials in mice and human.(More)
PURPOSE We studied the safety and preliminary efficacy (marker tumor ablation) of 5 doses of BC-819 given as 6 intravesical infusions in patients with superficial bladder cancer in whom intravesical therapy with bacillus Calmette-Guerin had failed. BC-819 is a DNA plasmid that contains H19 gene regulatory sequences that drive the expression of an(More)
Monitoring the expression of therapeutic genes in targeted tissues in disease models is important to assessing the effectiveness of systems of gene therapy delivery. We applied a new light-detection cooled charged-coupled device (CCCD) camera for continuous in vivo assessment of commonly used gene therapy delivery systems (such as ex vivo manipulated cells,(More)
The product of the imprinted oncofetal H19 gene is an untranslated RNA of unknown function. With the human cDNA Atlas microarray, we detected differentially expressed genes modulated by the presence of H19 RNA. Many of the genes that are upregulated by H19 RNA are known to contribute to the invasive, migratory, and angiogenic capacities of cells. Moreover,(More)
OBJECTIVES Carcinogen-induced bladder cancer in rodents is a key model for evaluation of novel therapies for bladder cancer because of its similarity to the clinical disease. The major drawback of the model is the difficulty in assessing tumor burden in living animals and at necropsy. The objective of this work was to present simple and accurate solutions(More)