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BACKGROUND Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are known to enhance cell survival under various stress conditions. In the heart, the small Hsp20 has emerged as a key mediator of protection against apoptosis, remodeling, and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Moreover, Hsp20 has been implicated in modulation of cardiac contractility ex vivo. The objective of this study was(More)
Expression and purification of proteins as fusions with glutathione S-transferase (GST) is a standard and widely employed system. In more than 2500 published studies, GST has been used to facilitate the purification of recombinant proteins, assess protein–protein interactions, and establish protein function. In this report, we provide evidence that GST can(More)
The depressed function of failing hearts has been partially attributed to increased protein phosphatase-1 through its impaired regulation by inhibitor-1. Phosphorylation of inhibitor-1 at Thr35 by PKA results in potent inhibition of protein phosphatase-1 activity, while phosphorylation at Ser67 or Thr75 by PKC attenuates the inhibitory activity. To examine(More)
Human and experimental heart failure is characterized by increases in type-1 protein phosphatase activity, which may be partially attributed to inactivation of its endogenous regulator, protein phosphatase inhibitor-1. Inhibitor-1 represents a nodal integrator of two major second messenger pathways, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium,(More)
This work compares the results of two epidemiologic and clinical surveys on the consequences of maternal chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection. They were conducted in 1992-1994 and 1999-2001 in the same maternity clinic in Bolivia, a country highly endemic for infection with this parasite. In both surveys, the materno-fetal transmission of parasites occurred(More)
BACKGROUND Comparing two surveys performed in Bolivia in 1992-1994 and 1999-2001, we reported a significant decrease in the proportions of severe and mortal forms of congenital Chagas disease. This might be due to a reduction of vectorial density (VD) in maternal residence area, raising the question of a possible causal relationship between such VD,(More)
Nitroxidative stress in cells occurs mainly through the action of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS) on protein thiol groups. Reactive nitrogen and oxygen species-mediated protein modifications are associated with pathophysiological states, but can also convey physiological signals. Identification of Cys residues that are modified by oxidative(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the immune mechanisms against gastrointestinal helminths involved in the production of IgE, particularly the role of the low affinity IgE receptor (CD23) in Amerindian Warao children from the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela. We studied a group of unselected (n = 159) Warao school children with high prevalence and(More)
beta-adrenergic stimulation helps to synchronize Ca release in myocytes from failing hearts. Transverse (t-) tubules, which synchronize Ca release in normal cells and contain many of the elements of the beta-adrenergic pathway, may be depleted in such cells. The objective of the present study was to determine whether beta-adrenergic stimulation could(More)
In Bolivia, the prevalence of infection by T. cruzi in women in fertile age can vary between 20 and 60%. The present study made in the Maternity Germin Urquidi of Cochabamba - Bolivia, it has demonstrated, that 19.9% of the mothers who go to this hospitable center to be taken care of in the childbirth, they are carrying of the infection and that 4,6% of(More)