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IMPORTANCE Untreated depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and child and, as such, optimal treatment strategies are required for this population. CONTEXT There are conflicting data regarding potential risks of prenatal antidepressant treatment. OBJECTIVE To determine whether prenatal(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the risk for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn associated with antenatal exposure to antidepressants. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and CINAHL from inception to 30 December 2012. ELIGIBILITY English language studies reporting persistent pulmonary hypertension of(More)
CMAJ © 2010 Canadian Medical Association or its licensors 1 Injections for vaccinations, the most common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood, are administered at mul tiple times to almost all Canadian children throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence. The pain associated with such injections is a source of distress for children, their parents and(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression often remains undertreated during pregnancy and there is growing evidence that untoward perinatal outcomes can result. Our systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine whether maternal depression during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal and infant outcomes. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and(More)
Pain from vaccine injections is common, and concerns about pain contribute to vaccine hesitancy across the lifespan.1,2 Noncompliance with vaccination compromises the individual and community benefits of immunization by contributing to outbreaks of vaccinepreventable diseases. Individuals may also engage in broader noncompliant behaviours if they acquire a(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression is often not optimally treated during pregnancy, partially because of conflicting data regarding antidepressant medication risk. This meta-analysis was conducted to determine whether antenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with congenital malformations and to assess the effect of known methodological limitations. DATA SOURCES(More)
Family physicians, paediatricians, nurse practitioners and all primary health care providers are well-positioned in the health care system to provide identification and intervention for developmental delay in early childhood. This can be accomplished through the promotion of healthy child development by supporting children and their parents, paying special(More)
OBJECTIVE Conflicting reports on potential risks of antidepressant exposure during gestation for the infant have been reported in the literature. This systematic review and meta-analysis on immediate neonatal outcomes were conducted to clarify what, if any, risks are faced by infants exposed to antidepressants in utero. Subanalyses address known(More)
A woman's alcohol use during pregnancy is one of the top preventable causes of birth defects and developmental disabilities that are known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The social and economic burden of FASD is substantial. Lifetime direct tangible costs per individual related to health care, education and social services in Canada have been(More)
In perinatal psychiatry, randomized controlled trials are often not feasible on ethical grounds. Many studies are observational in nature, while others employ large databases not designed primarily for research purposes. Quality assessment of the resulting research is complicated by a lack of standardized tools specifically for this purpose. The aim of this(More)