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The importance of effective immune responses in recovery from acute hepadnaviral hepatitis has been demonstrated. However, there is no conclusive delineation of virological and immunological events(More)
Exposure to multiple small doses of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a frequent occurrence in high-risk groups, including close relatives of infected individuals, primary care givers, and intravenous drug(More)
The characterization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) quasispecies in different compartments in liver transplant (LT) recipients may be helpful in optimizing prophylaxis regimens. The aims of this study(More)
BACKGROUND Occult hepatitis B virus infection (OBI) is defined as low-level HBV DNA presence in serum, liver and/or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in individuals that lack serum hepatitis(More)