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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the retinal blood flow (RBF) assessed by the retinal functional imager (RFI) and central macular thickness/volume assessed by a spectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy/optical coherence tomography (SLO-OCT) system. METHODS Seventeen eyes of 14 consecutive patients with various ocular(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Few comparisons of factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV are available for representative samples of American women. GOAL OF THE STUDY To compare factors associated with STDs in a large sample of women infected with HIV and women not infected with HIV. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional analysis of(More)
We demonstrate the clinical application of a multiplanar imaging system that simultaneously acquires en face (C-scan) optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the corresponding confocal ophthalmoscopic images, along with cross-sectional (B-scan) OCT at specifiable locations on the confocal image. The advantages of the simultaneous OCT and confocal acquisition(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with precancerous cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions commonly seen among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV). We characterized HPV infection in a large cohort of HIV-positive and HIV-negative women participating in the Women's Interagency HIV Study to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to describe the relationship between health literacy, ethnicity, and cervical cancer screening practices and to evaluate physician recognition of low literacy. STUDY DESIGN We studied a prospective cohort of English-speaking patients > or =18 years (n = 529) in ambulatory women's clinics. Univariate and multivariate analyses were(More)
BACKGROUND A substantial proportion of perinatally acquired infections with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) occur at or near delivery, which suggests that obstetrical factors may have an important influence on transmission. We evaluated the relation of such factors and other variables to the perinatal transmission of HIV-1. METHODS The(More)
Histopathological changes and the distribution of T lymphocytes (CD3), B cells (CD79alpha) and IgG secreting plasma cells were recorded in the abomasum and abomasal lymph nodes of goats during early and late post-infection stages with one to four doses of Haemonchus contortus L3. The infiltration of eosinophils, mast cells, CD3(+) T lymphocytes,(More)
AIMS To investigate the combination of 3D optical coherence tomography (OCT) retinal thickness measurements and superimposed scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) microperimetry obtained using a Spectral OCT/SLO and to test the correlation between retinal thickness and retinal sensitivity in retinal diseases grouped according to anatomic locations. METHODS(More)
Tactics aimed at reducing perinatal transmission of HIV are proving ineffective at accomplishing complete eradication: a group of women with HIV remain at very high risk for transmitting the virus to their newborns. This study engaged a uniquely high-risk group of HIV-infected mothers as expert informants on childbearing with HIV to inform strategies to(More)
PURPOSE The pathogenesis of macular pucker and macular holes is poorly understood. Anomalous posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and vitreoschisis have been proposed as possible mechanisms. This study used clinical imaging to seek vitreoschisis and study the topographic features of macular pucker and macular holes. METHODS Combined optical coherence(More)