Patricia M. Marchiaro

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The worldwide spread of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing gram-negative bacilli represents a great concern nowadays. Sensitive assays for their specific detection are increasingly demanded to aid infection control and to prevent their dissemination. We have developed a novel microbiological assay employing crude bacterial extracts, designated(More)
OBJECTIVES The dissemination of metallo and serine carbapenem-hydrolysing beta-lactamases among Gram-negative nosocomial bacteria represents an acute problem worldwide. Here, we present a rapid and sensitive assay for the characterization of carbapenemase producers to aid in infection control and prevention. METHODS The assay involves a rapid disruption(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate clonal dissemination of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). SETTING Neonatal intensive care unit of a 180-bed, university-affiliated general hospital. PATIENTS Neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 1999 and October 2000, from whom CNS were isolated as a unique pathogen.(More)
A detailed biochemical characterization of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa VIM-11 metallo-beta-lactamase (MbetaL) is reported. The only substitution differentiating VIM-11 from VIM-2 (N165S) promoted a slightly improved catalytic efficiency of the former on 3 out of 12 substrates, notably the bulky cephalosporins. Thus, MbetaL-mediated resistance also may be(More)
Eighty-six carbapenem non-susceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates collected in the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases of Mexico City were screened for the presence of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) activity using both E-test strips and a microbiological assay with EDTA-imipenem. Genomic comparisons and sequence analyses conducted with these(More)
A nosocomial polyclonal outbreak associated to bacteremia caused by different Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) species and clones is reported. Molecular characterization identified Burkholderia stabilis, Burkholderia contaminans, and Burkholderia ambifaria among BCC isolates obtained from patients in neonatal and adult intensive care units. BCC was also(More)
AIMS To achieve reliable detection of methicillin resistance in clinical isolates of coagulase-negative staphylococci. METHODS AND RESULTS Strains (105) were evaluated by normatized antimicrobial susceptibility methods, and for the presence of the methicillin resistance-determining mecA gene, using the polymerase chain reaction. Correlation between(More)
The complete sequence of the carbapenem-resistance-conferring conjugative plasmid pLD209 from a Pseudomonas putida clinical strain is presented. pLD209 is formed by 3 well-defined regions: an adaptability module encompassing a Tn402-like class 1 integron of clinical origin containing blaVIM-2 and aacA4 gene cassettes, partitioning and transfer modules, and(More)