Patricia M. Kane

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Bioactive compounds can be valuable research tools and drug leads, but it is often difficult to identify their mechanism of action or cellular target. Here we investigate the potential for integration of chemical-genetic and genetic interaction data to reveal information about the pathways and targets of inhibitory compounds. Taking advantage of the(More)
All eukaryotic cells contain multiple acidic organelles, and V-ATPases are central players in organelle acidification. Not only is the structure of V-ATPases highly conserved among eukaryotes, but there are also many regulatory mechanisms that are similar between fungi and higher eukaryotes. These mechanisms allow cells both to regulate the pHs of different(More)
Fungal vacuoles are acidic organelles with degradative and storage capabilities that have many similarities to mammalian lysosomes and plant vacuoles. In the past several years, well-developed genetic, genomic, biochemical and cell biological tools in S. cerevisiae have provided fresh insights into vacuolar protein sorting, organelle acidification, ion(More)
Vacuolar acidification has been proposed to play a key role in a number of cellular processes, including protein sorting, zymogen activation, and maintenance of intracellular pH. We investigated the significance of vacuolar acidification by cloning and mutagenizing the gene for the yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase 60-kilodalton subunit (VAT2).(More)
Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPases (V-ATPases) play a central role in organelle acidification in all eukaryotic cells. To address the role of the yeast V-ATPase in vacuolar and cytosolic pH homeostasis, ratiometric pH-sensitive fluorophores specific for the vacuole or cytosol were introduced into wild-type cells and vma mutants, which lack V-ATPase(More)
Previous purification and characterization of the yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (H(+)-ATPase) have indicated that it is a multisubunit complex consisting of both integral and peripheral membrane subunits (Uchida, E., Ohsumi, Y., and Anraku, Y. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 1090-1095; Kane, P. M., Yamashiro, C. T., and Stevens, T. H. (1989) J.(More)
V-ATPases are structurally conserved and functionally versatile proton pumps found in all eukaryotes. The yeast V-ATPase has emerged as a major model system, in part because yeast mutants lacking V-ATPase subunits (vma mutants) are viable and exhibit a distinctive Vma- phenotype. Yeast vma mutants are present in ordered collections of all non-essential(More)
The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is composed of a complex of peripheral subunits (the V1 sector) attached to an integral membrane complex (the V0 sector). In the experiments described here, attachment of the V1 to the V0 sector was assessed in wild-type cells under a variety of growth conditions. Depriving the yeast cells of(More)
The subunit architecture of the yeast vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) was analyzed by single particle transmission electron microscopy and electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry. A three-dimensional model of the intact V-ATPase was calculated from two-dimensional projections of the complex at a resolution of 25 angstroms. Images of yeast V-ATPase(More)
The RAVE complex is required for stable assembly of the yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) during both biosynthesis of the enzyme and regulated reassembly of disassembled V(1) and V(0) sectors. It is not yet known how RAVE effects V-ATPase assembly. Previous work has shown that V(1) peripheral or stator stalk subunits E and G are critical(More)