Patricia M Ingleton

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A major action of prolactin (PRL) in teleost fish is the maintenance of hydromineral balance in euryhaline species in fresh water. The function of PRL in marine teleosts is less certain and unlike euryhaline teleosts, such as tilapia and salmon, there is relatively little information about protein or gene structure. Associated with studies to determine(More)
There is evidence for the presence of an insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system during fish development. The pattern of gene expression of IGF-I, IGF-II, and their cognate receptors during early development of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) was studied by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Transcripts for IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGF-1R(More)
The prolactin receptor (PRLR) was cloned and its tissue distribution characterized in adults of the protandrous hermaphrodite marine teleost, the sea bream (Sparus aurata). An homologous cDNA probe for sea bream PRLR (sbPRLR) was obtained by RT-PCR using gill mRNA. This probe was used to screen intestine and kidney cDNA libraries from which two overlapping(More)
Prolactin is widely expressed in different tissues, and it is presumed to have both local and systemic actions. In males it is known to influence reproductive functions but the significance and mechanisms of prolactin action in male accessory reproductive tissues are poorly understood. Here we show that prolactin acts as a direct growth and differentiation(More)
Prolactin (PRL) in fish is considered to be an osmoregulatory hormone, although some studies suggest that it may influence the production of steroid hormones in the gonads. The objective of the present study was to establish if PRL is involved in reproduction of the gilthead seabream-a protandrous hermaphrodite. Adult and juvenile gilthead seabream received(More)
We investigated the influence of maternal nutritional enhancement during the second half of gestation on prolactin receptor (PRLR) abundance in fetal brown adipose tissue (BAT) and liver close to term (i.e. 141–144 d gestation). Ewes were provided with 100% (i.e. control;n = 8) or 150% (i.e. well-fed;n = 7) of their metabolic requirements from 80 to 144 d(More)
The present report describes the structure and expression of the calcitonin gene in Fugu rubripes. It is composed of 4 exons and 3 introns. Splicing of exons 1, 2 and 3 generates the calcitonin pre-proprotein, while splicing of exons 1, 2 and 4 generates calcitonin gene-related protein (CGRP). Exons 1 and 2 encoding the signal sequence and the N-terminal(More)
The present study examined the extent to which abundance of the prolactin receptor (PRLR) and a range of primary mitochondrial proteins are influenced by either maternal nutrition and/or fetal number in adipose tissue. Pregnant sheep were control fed [consuming 100% of total metabolizable energy (ME) requirements (taking into account requirements for both(More)
In fish species the basic mechanisms of bone development and bone remodeling are not fully understood. The classification of bone tissue in teleosts as cellular or acellular and the presence of transitional states between bone and cartilage and the finding of different types of cartilage in teleosts not previously recognized in higher vertebrates emphasizes(More)