Patricia M. Dechow

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A model of earnings, cash flows and accruals is developed assuming a random walk sales process, variable and fixed costs, and that the only accruals are accounts receivable and payable, and inventory. The model implies earnings better predict future operating cash flows than current operating cash flows and the difference varies with the operating cash(More)
Existing research indicates that firms with high accruals are more likely to experience future earnings problems, but that investors’ expectations, as reflected in stock prices, do not appear to anticipate these problems. In this paper, we directly examine the published opinions of two types of professional investor intermediaries to see if they provide(More)
This paper provides an empirical assessment of the residual income valuation model proposed in Ohlson (Ohlson, J.A., 1995. Earnings, book values and dividends in security valuation. Contemporary Accounting Research 11, 661—687). We point out that existing empirical research relying on Ohlson’s model is similar to past research relying explicitly on the(More)
Stocks can be overpriced when short sale constraints bind. We study the costs of short selling equities, 1926-1933, using the publicly observable market for borrowing stock. Some stocks are sometimes expensive to short, and it appears that stocks enter the borrowing market when shorting demand is high. We find that stocks that are expensive to short or(More)
Prior research has documented a ‘‘kink’’ in the earnings distribution: too few firms report small losses, too many firms report small profits. We investigate whether boosting of discretionary accruals to report a small profit is a reasonable explanation for this ‘‘kink.’’ Overall, we are unable to confirm that boosting of discretionary accruals is the key(More)
We propose a new approach to estimate the implied cost of capital (ICC). Our approach is distinct from prior studies in that we do not rely on analysts’ earnings forecasts to compute the ICC. Instead, we use a cross-sectional model to forecast the earnings of individual firms. Our approach has two major advantages. First, it allows us to estimate the ICC(More)
SYNOPSIS: We address the fact that accounting academics often have very different perceptions of earnings management than do practitioners and reguiators. Practitioners and reguiators often see earnings management as pervasive and probiematic—and in need of immediate remediai action. Academics are more sanguine, unwiiiing to beiieve that earnings management(More)
Firms with low ratios of fundamentals (such as earnings and book values) to market values are known to have systematically lower future stock returns. We document that short-sellers position themselves in the stock of such firms, and then cover their positions as the ratios mean-revert. We also show that short-sellers refine their trading strategies to(More)
Following Sloan (1996), numerous studies show that the cash component of earnings is more persistent than the accrual component of earnings. In this paper, we show that the higher persistence of the cash component of earnings is attributable to net cash distributions to equityholders. This result holds despite the fact that net cash distributions to(More)