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Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a lymphokine secreted by monocytes in response to a variety of inflammatory stimuli. IL-1 beta, the predominant form of IL-1 produced by human monocytes, is synthesized as an inactive precursor of 31 kDa and is cleaved at Asp116-Ala117 to yield a 17.5-kDa extracellular form. The exact cellular site of cleavage and mechanism of(More)
The proteolytic enzyme stromelysin-1 is a member of the family of matrix metalloproteinases and is believed to play a role in pathological conditions such as arthritis and tumor invasion. Stromelysin-1 is synthesized as a pro-enzyme that is activated by removal of an N-terminal prodomain. The active enzyme contains a catalytic domain and a C-terminal(More)
Following antigenic challenge, MHC-restricted T cell responses are directed against a few dominant antigenic epitopes. Here, evidence is provided demonstrating the importance of APC in modulating the hierarchy of MHC class II-restricted T cell responses. Biochemical analysis of class II:peptide complexes in B cells revealed the presentation of a hierarchy(More)
Jak3 is a protein tyrosine kinase that is associated with the shared gamma chain of receptors for cytokines IL2, IL4, IL7, IL9, and IL13. We have discovered that a pyridone-containing tetracycle (6) may be prepared from trisubstituted imidazole (5) in high yield by irradiation with >350 nm light. Compound 6 inhibits Jak3 with K(I)=5 nM; it also inhibits Jak(More)
Stromelysin-1 is a member of a tissue metalloproteinase family whose members are all capable of degrading extracellular matrix components. A truncated form of human fibroblast prostromelysin 1 lacking the C-terminal, hemopexin-like domain has been expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Treatment of this short form of prostromelysin with(More)
Native human IL-1 beta and IL-1 alpha stimulated prostaglandin E2 secretion by human embryonic lung fibroblasts at half-maximal concentrations of 3 +/- 1.2 pM (+/- SEM) and 10 +/- 2.3 pM, respectively. In contrast to the 20-50-fold lower affinities previously found for IL-1-R on 3T3 cells as well as murine and human lymphoblastoid lines, monoiodo 125I-IL-1(More)
The development of highly specific antisera to human interleukin 1 (IL-1) has been an elusive goal hampered mainly by the availability of only limited amounts of pure immunogen. To surmount this difficulty, three peptides of the major charged species of IL-1 (pI 6.8) were synthesized and covalently coupled to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). All three(More)
The quinazolinone and pyridol-pyrimidine classes of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors have a previously unseen degree of specificity for p38 over other MAP kinases. Comparison of the crystal structures of p38 bound to four different compounds shows that binding of the more specific molecules is characterized by a peptide flip between Met109 and Gly110. Gly110 is a(More)