Learn More
BACKGROUND We report on the epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Australian community, including information on lifetime exposure to trauma, 12-month prevalence of PTSD, sociodemographic correlates and co-morbidity. METHODS Data were obtained from a stratified sample of 10,641 participants as part of the Australian National Survey(More)
BACKGROUND The first set of aims of the present study was to determine the prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) in a nation, and gender differences in the types and numbers of PDs endorsed. The second set of aims was to establish the relationship of PD to other, non-PD disorders, physical conditions, and disability. METHOD Data were obtained from the(More)
We integrated existing cognitive processing models of posttrauma reactions into a longitudinal model. Data were obtained after a multiple shooting in a city office block. The subject group comprised 158 office workers who were in the building at the time of the shootings. The methodology of this research was a repeated measures survey, with data collection(More)
To examine the effects of verbal and nonverbal interview microbehaviors and interview characteristics on employability, Simulated Employment Interviews were conducted with 46 psychiatric inpatients who each met the DSM-III criteria for a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Each interview was videotaped and shown to two raters, who generated independent ratings for(More)
The current study investigated a model of post-trauma reactions proposed initially by McFarlane (1988 a). Two separate data sets, one obtained following a multiple shooting and the other reported by McFarlane following a natural disaster, were examined. The findings of both studies provide support for a cognitive processing conceptualization of the(More)
The discriminative power of the CCEI subscales was examined. Several approaches were undertaken on the responses from subjects in three neurotically disturbed groups and a normal control group. Analyses indicated that simple cut-off points could discriminate effectively an 'adjusted-neurotic' dimension; simple cut-off points were relatively more difficult(More)
This article reports a preliminary investigation of the psychometric properties of the Manchester Scale (MS). Fifty-three patients were assessed on the instrument, 33 at time 1 (7-10 days after admission) and 53 at time 2 (during the week prior to discharge). Interrater reliabilities were generally good at time 2. The factor analyses conducted on the 8 MS(More)
The relationship between social variables and psychiatric service use in Victoria was investigated using a social indicators approach. Indicators were developed separately for the urban and rural areas of the state using 1986 census data. Principal components analysis was employed to reduce the data. Simple, unit weight indicators were developed and(More)
It has been suggested that the presence of depression is a major determinant of abnormal dexamethasone suppression in patients with schizophrenia. It has been reported that negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia are associated with increased rates of nonsuppression. In this study of schizophrenic inpatients, the Dexamethasone Suppression Test(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether the negative symptoms of patients with schizophrenia were better predictors of social competence than a range of other variables pertaining to demographics, illness, hospitalization, and premorbid functioning. Independent raters assessed social skills performance on a video-taped role-play test and 5 min(More)