Patricia L. Mottram

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A novel dendritic cell (DC)-restricted molecule, Clec9A, was identified by gene expression profiling of mouse DC subtypes. Based on sequence similarity, a human ortholog was identified. Clec9A encodes a type II membrane protein with a single extracellular C-type lectin domain. Both the mouse Clec9A and human CLEC9A were cloned and expressed, and monoclonal(More)
The use of particulate carriers holds great promise for the development of effective and affordable recombinant vaccines. Rational development requires a detailed understanding of particle up-take and processing mechanisms to target cellular pathways capable of stimulating the required immune responses safely. These mechanisms are in turn based on how the(More)
OBJECTIVE The major human Fc receptor, FcgammaRIIa, is the most widespread activating FcR. Our aim was to determine the role of FcgammaRIIa in a transgenic mouse model of immune complex-mediated autoimmunity and to characterize the development of spontaneous autoimmune disease. METHODS Arthritis was induced in normal and FcgammaRIIa-transgenic mice by(More)
Infection can protect against subsequent disease by induction of both humoral and cellular immunity, but inert protein-based vaccines are not as effective. In this study, we present a new vaccine design, with Ag covalently conjugated to solid core nano-beads of narrowly defined size (0.04-0.05 microm) that localize to dendritic cells (DEC205(+) CD40(+),(More)
Although a number of adjuvants are currently approved for use in veterinary species, only alum has been widely used in humans. While it induces strong antibody responses, cell mediated responses are often low and inflammatory reactions at the site of injection are common. We investigated the immunological properties of a novel nano-bead adjuvant in a sheep(More)
Previous studies compared uptake by dendritic cells (DC) of 20, 40, 100, 200, 500, 1000, and 2000 nm beads in vivo. When beads were used as antigen carriers, bead size influenced antibody responses and induction of IFN-gamma-producing CD4 and CD8 T cells. Beads of 40-50 nm were taken up preferentially by DC and induced particularly strong immunity. Herein,(More)
Targeting antigen to dendritic cells (DC) in vivo might be an effective method of modulating immune responses. Given the functional specializations among DC subsets, we investigated how targeting different receptors on different DC subsets may influence antibody (Ab) production. We show here that targeting FIRE (F4/80-like receptor) or CIRE (C-type lectin(More)
The inactivation of the mouse high-affinity IgG Fc receptor FcgammaRI resulted in a wide range of defects in antibody Fc-dependent functions. These studies showed the primary importance of FcgammaRI in endocytosis of monomeric IgG, kinetics, and extent of phagocytosis of immune complexes, in macrophage-based ADCC, and in immune complex-dependent antigen(More)
Historically, treatment of complex autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus has aimed to relieve symptoms, and in severe cases, use broad-spectrum immunosuppressive treatments in attempts to induce permanent remission. Recent research into the causes of chronic autoimmune inflammatory activation have not only(More)
Nano- and microparticles have long been used for the delivery of drugs and are currently being evaluated as vaccine delivery systems. Particulates can elicit potent immune responses, either by direct immuno-stimulation of antigen presenting cells (APC) or/and by delivering antigen to specific cellular compartments and promoting antigen uptake by appropriate(More)