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In mammalian cells, the aurora kinases (aurora-A, -B, and -C) play essential roles in regulating cell division. The expression of aurora-A and -B is elevated in a variety of human cancers and is associated with high proliferation rates and poor prognosis, making them attractive targets for anticancer therapy. AMG 900 is an orally bioavailable, potent, and(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has proven effective in the prophylaxis of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and as a mobilizer of peripheral blood progenitor cells. The longevity of G-CSF action is limited by its removal from the body by two mechanisms. The first is thought to be mediated via receptors (receptor mediated clearance [RMC])(More)
BACKGROUND Why asthma is rare in rural subsistence societies is not clear. We tested the hypotheses that the risk of asthma is reduced by intestinal parasites or hepatitis A infection, and increased by exposure to dust-mite allergen or organophosphorus insecticides in urban and rural areas of Jimma, Ethiopia. METHODS From 12876 individuals who took part(More)
Megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) has recently been identified as a ligand for the c-mpl receptor. Using retroviral-mediated gene transfer, MGDF has been overexpressed in mice to evaluate the systematic effects due to chronic exposure to this growth factor. MGDF overexpressing mice had more rapid platelet recovery than control mice after(More)
Despite its frequency and impact on clinical outcomes, anaemia in cancer patients remains poorly understood and suboptimally treated. The definition of optimum treatment schedules with erythropoietic agents requires a suitable model of chemotherapy-induced progressive anaemia. This study investigated novel strategies such as once-per-chemotherapy-cycle(More)
Malarial hemozoin may play an important role as a target for antimalarial drugs and in disease pathogenesis. A new assay for hemozoin was developed in which the hemozoin was separated from cells by filtration. Trophozoites have substantially more hemozoin than rings, but there are relatively small differences between chloroquine-sensitive and(More)
The unit of erythropoietic activity has long been the standard by which erythropoietic agents are judged, but the development of long-acting agents such as darbepoetin alfa has highlighted the shortcomings of this approach. To this point, we compared the in vivo activity of Epoetin alfa and darbepoetin alfa per microgram of protein core. Using the(More)
Immmoglobulin E-rich plasma from patients from Papua New Guinea infected with Necator americanus has been used to probe an adult N. americanus cDNA library for the presence of hookworm allergens. Using this approach, one hookworm allergen has been identified as calreticulin, which was subsequently expressed in Escherichia coli. Little serological cross(More)
Megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) is a recently characterized ligand for the cell surface receptor mpl. We have evaluated the effects of polyethylene glycollated recombinant human MGDF (PEG-rHuMGDF) on recovery of hematopoietic cells in mice following bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to support lethal irradiation. Mice treated with(More)
We have investigated the potential of PEGylated recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor (PEG-rHuMGDF), a molecule related to thrombopoietin (mpl ligand or TPO) in minimizing the thrombocytopenia associated with hematopoietic ablation and peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplant. Irradiated mice that received PBPC mobilized by(More)