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The major regulator controlling the physiological switch between aerobic and anaerobic growth conditions in Escherichia coli is the DNA binding protein FNR. To identify genes controlled by FNR, we used Affymetrix Antisense GeneChips to compare global gene expression profiles from isogenic MG1655 wild-type and Deltafnr strains grown in glucose minimal media(More)
The expression of several Escherichia coli operons is activated by the Fnr protein during anaerobic growth and is further controlled in response to nitrate and nitrite by the homologous response regulators, NarL and NarP. Among these operons, the napF operon, encoding a periplasmic nitrate reductase, has unique features with respect to its Fnr-, NarL-, and(More)
The processes underlying the evolution of regulatory networks are unclear. To address this question, we used a comparative genomics approach that takes advantage of the large number of sequenced bacterial genomes to predict conserved and variable members of transcriptional regulatory networks across phylogenetically related organisms. Specifically, we(More)
IscR is an iron-sulphur (Fe-S) cluster-containing transcription factor that represses transcription of the operon containing its own gene and the iscSUA-hscBA-fdx genes, whose products are involved in Fe-S cluster biogenesis. In this study, global transcrip-tional profiling of Escherichia coli IscR + and IscR – strains grown under aerobic and anaerobic(More)
FNR is a well-studied global regulator of anaerobiosis, which is widely conserved across bacteria. Despite the importance of FNR and anaerobiosis in microbial lifestyles, the factors that influence its function on a genome-wide scale are poorly understood. Here, we report a functional genomic analysis of FNR action. We find that FNR occupancy at many target(More)
Despite the importance of maintaining redox homeostasis for cellular viability, how cells control redox balance globally is poorly understood. Here we provide new mechanistic insight into how the balance between reduced and oxidized electron carriers is regulated at the level of gene expression by mapping the regulon of the response regulator ArcA from(More)
The regulatory protein Fnr is required for anaerobic expression of several anaerobic respiratory enzymes in Escherichia coli. To gain insight into how Fnr activity is regulated by oxygen, we have isolated Fnr mutants that increase expression of the nitrate reductase operon in the presence of oxygen (Fnr* mutants). Seven single-amino-acid substitutions that(More)
IscR from Escherichia coli is an unusual metalloregulator in that both apo and iron sulfur (Fe-S)-IscR regulate transcription and exhibit different DNA binding specificities. Here, we report structural and biochemical studies of IscR suggesting that remodeling of the protein-DNA interface upon Fe-S ligation broadens the DNA binding specificity of IscR from(More)
A s the premier biological electron acceptor, molecular oxygen (O 2) serves a vital role in fundamental cellular functions, including the process of aerobic respiration. Nevertheless, with the benefi cial properties of O 2 comes the inadvertent formation of reactive oxygen species, including superoxide (O 2 −), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2), and hydroxyl(More)
Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high throughput sequencing (ChIP-Seq) has been successfully used for genome-wide profiling of transcription factor binding sites, histone modifications, and nucleosome occupancy in many model organisms and humans. Because the compact genomes of prokaryotes harbor many binding sites separated by only few base pairs,(More)